From Rio to Rio

10YFP Background Information: From Rio to Rio

As stated in Agenda 21, adopted in Rio de Janeiro in 1992: “The major cause of the continued deterioration of the global environment are the unsustainable patterns of consumption and production …”

The 10YFP responds to the 2002 Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI) call to all stakeholders to “Encourage and promote the development of a 10-year framework of programmes (10YFP) in support of regional and national initiatives to accelerate the shift towards sustainable consumption and production  to promote social and economic development within the carrying capacity of ecosystems...”.

The 10YFP is a concrete and operational outcome delivered at Rio+20 in June 2012.  It builds upon the experience of the Marrakech Process (2003-2012), which was a bottom-up multi-stakeholder process. This global process identified regional SCP needs and priorities, and supported the development of regional SCP strategies in most regions as well as the implementation of 33 demonstration projects worldwide (see MP progress report). These included national SCP action plans, capacity building and SCP toolkits in the areas of sustainable procurement, tourism, buildings and construction, products, education and lifestyles, as well as various communications tools and awareness raising activities. The Marrakech Process informed the elaboration of the 10YFP, which was one of five themes at 18th and 19th Sessions of the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD 18 and CSD 19). 

The 10YFP is built on the principle of common but differentiated responsibility, with developed countries taking the lead. Many of these developed countries who have helped construct the 10YFP are already investing substantial financial, human and technical resources in capacitybuilding projects and programmes on SCP. The seven Marrakech Process Task Forces and the EC’s SWITCH Asia Programme are just a few examples.

At the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), the Heads of State reaffirmed that promoting sustainable patterns of consumption and production is one of the three overarching objectives of, and essential requirements for sustainable development.As a response, Heads of State adopted “the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns (10YFP) as contained in the A/CONF.216/5 document… “ (paragraph 226, “The Future we Want”; Rio+20 Outcome Document)  The 10YFP is a very concrete and operational outcome of Rio+20.

The A/CONF.216/5 adopted document provides the vision, goals and values of the 10YFP as well as its functions, organisational structure, means of implementation, criteria for programmes design and an initial, non-exhaustive list of five programmes. The A/CONF.216/5 is available for download in 6 languages: [Arabic] [Chinese] [English] [French] [Russian] [Spanish]

UNEP has been requested to act as the 10YFP Secretariat and to establish and administer a Trust Fund to support SCP implementation in developing countries.  The UN General Assembly, at its 67th session (UNGA67), nominated ECOSOC as the ad interim reporting body and decided to establish a 10-member board consisting of two members of each UN regional group to be nominated by 31 January 2013 (refer to Decision A/C.2/67/L.45).

“The 10-year framework should draw on valuable aspects of such experiences as the Marrakech Process, the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management and national cleaner production centres. The ongoing activities of the Marrakech Process, such as the task forces, should be considered for integration into the structure of the 10-year framework of programmes;” (10YFP adopted document (A/CONF.216/5; paragraph 2.b,)