The Marrakech Process

The Marrakech Process: Responding to the Global Challenge on SCP

At the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg, 2002, delegations recognised that sustainable consumption and production is an overarching objective of and essential requirement for sustainable development.  The Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI), in its Chapter III, calls for the development of a 10 Year Framework of Programmes (10YFP) “to accelerate the shift towards sustainable consumption and production, promoting social and economic development within the carrying capacity of ecosystems, by de-linking economic growth from environmental degradation”. 

The Marrakech Process was  a global and informal multistakeholder process. Launched in 2003, in response to Chapter III of the JPOI, it inherits its name from the host city of its first international meeting. The Process had two main objectives; the first was to promote the development and implementation of policies, programmes and projects on SCP, providing support for governments, the private sector and other actors in implementing SCP activities at the national or regional levels. 

The second objective was to provide inputs for the elaboration of a 10 Year Framework of Programmes on SCP, meant to provide a coordinated and cost-effective framework for international cooperation and capacity building to support the transition to SCP. To achieve its objectives, the Marrakech Process developed various mechanisms (see figure 1): international and regional review meetings (three international and twenty-six regional meetings have been hosted), national roundtables (nine have been organized), seven task forces that focus on specific SCP themes, a multi stakeholder Advisory Committee, and dialogues with major groups as well as, to a limited extent, with development cooperation agencies and UN agencies.


Highlights of Marrakech Process Outcomes

  • The Marrakech Process supported the implementation of 33 demonstration projects and more than 30 SCP tools and methodologies facilitating access to networks, funding, strengthening cooperation between regional and/or national implementation mechanisms.

  • Elaboration of national SCP programnmes or mainstreaming of SCP in national development strategies in all regions, including 20 countries and 4 cities.

  • Regional information network on SCP in Latin America and the Caribbean has been established to support projects and capacity building through “e-learning” tools, video-conferences and a virtual library. It includes 500 specialists and over 400 publications on SCP.

  • The Pan-European SCP project - Sustainable Consumption Opportunities for Europe (SCOE) to raise awareness and support multi-stakeholder partnerships in Europe: including stakeholders con-sultations in Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Serbia, Montenegro, Ukraine and Kazakh-stan, supported pilot projects (e.g. organic agriculture for Eastern Europe, Caucasus, Central Asia).

  • A practical methodology for designing and implementing policies on sustainable public procure-ment, involving Ministries of Environment and of Finance, applied through regional and national training workshops and the implementation of 11 pilot projects (Tunisia, Lebanon, Mauritius, Costa Rica, Uruguay, Chile, Columbia, Argentina, Ghana, New Zealand, and British local authorities).

  • Development of policy recommendations on sustainable tourism development, and a Green Pass-port campaign for awareness raising among tourism. It has been implemented in Brazil; Ecuador; Costa Rica; and South Africa for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

  • Development of an African Eco-labelling Mechanism to promote appropriate environmental stan-dards for the design and production of African products and to help secure better market access for sustainable African products in regional and global markets.

  • The UNEP-UNESCO YouthXchange initiative and capacity building on sustainable lifestyles have been adapted and implemented in several Arabic-speaking countries, including Jordan, Lebanon, Tunisia, Syria, Egypt and Morocco.

  • Smart Start Up: introduced sustainable lifestyles and sustainable entrepreneurship into universities and colleges in Egypt, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique and Mauritius.

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