Latin America and the Caribbean
The Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region is a pioneer on sustainable consumption and production (SCP) and has been working on it since 2003, when the Regional SCP strategy was developed and a Regional Council of Government Experts on SCP was established. One of the main functions of this Regional Council is to act as a specialist advisory body on SCP for the Regional Forum of Ministers of Environment. SCP has become a priority for the Region as it is expressed by the high level political support and commitment received from the Ministers of Environment in the Region. Within their specific SCP Decisions the Ministers have stressed their support and commitment to implement the 10YFP, and have recalled the regional SCP priorities (national polices, SMEs, sustainable public procurement and sustainable lifestyles) while at the same time calling for additional programmes on SMEs and integrated waste management.
In their latest meeting, the XX Regional Forum of Ministers of Environment that was held from the 28th to the 30th of March 2016 in Cartagena, Colombia, SCP played a central position during the discussions and the importance of the 10YFP implementation for the region was reinforced. Decision 6 on SCP includes focus and synergies on several issues, some of them being, climate change, sustainable cities, use of scientific knowledge for policy making, biodiversity, among others.
Another demonstration of regional commitment shows that out of the 33 countries of the region, 23 have designated their 10YFP National Focal Points (NFPs) and more countries are very close to do so. Please consult the full 10YFP NFP directory.
In the region, dedicated national SCP policies and plans exist in many countries, including Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Uruguay, among others. Honduras is starting its National Action Plan on SCP and Chile and Costa Rica are about to launch their National Programs. Other countries such as Ecuador and Cuba make great efforts mainstreaming SCP into other national strategies/plans. Also, inter-ministerial and multi-stakeholder committees are being conformed in many countries in the region.
By the beginning of 2016, the SCP Clearinghouse had registered more than 176 SCP initiatives from LAC.
Regional strategy on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP)
Since 2003, the Latin-America and the Caribbean (LAC) region counts with a Regional Strategy on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP). Under the Executive Committee of the Regional Council’s leadership and with UNEP’s support, a new version was elaborated in the light of the context of the 10YFP, the SCP Decision 7 adopted by the LAC Regional Forum of Ministers of Environment (March 2014, Los Cabos, Mexico) and the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development including its Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
This Regional Strategy on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) for the 10YFP implementation in Latin-America and the Caribbean (2015-2022) and its Roadmap 2015-2016 were launched at the Eight Meeting of the Regional Council of Government Experts on SCP which took place in Panama during 4 and 5 May 2015.
Up-coming SCP LAC relevant events for 2016:
- 10YFP South South Conference (dates to be confirmed, Brasil)
- Meeting of the Executive Committee on SCP (dates and place to be confirmed)
Projects in the LAC region:
1. National Action Plan for Honduras: With financial support from the UNDA, UNEP is working with the National Council for Sustainable Development (CONADES) on a project that will develop a National Action Plan in Honduras starting in June 2016. The National Cleaner Production Center will help convene a broad range of stakeholders to build the National Action Plan on SCP and establish implementation partnerships and alliances.
2. Sustainable Public Procurement and Ecolabelling project: At the regional level, in 2015 a project component started with Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay focused on the development of voluntary sustainability criteria for two pilot product areas selected by participant countries. At the national level, it supports countries according to their needs to develop and implement policies and action plans for sustainable public procurement (in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Peru). More information here.
3. Eco-innovation project: In partnership with the European Commission (EC), UNEP is currently implementing this project to promote resource efficiency and eco-innovation. The project aims to change consumption and production patterns in developing and transition economies by encouraging businesses to reduce their environmental footprint. This project is taking place in 8 countries worldwide being Colombia and Peru the ones from LAC. More information here.
4. Integrated waste management project in Colombia: With financial support from the UNDA, UNEP is working with the Fundacion Academia de Innovación Sostenibilidad (FAISO) on an initiative that will implement a demonstration project on integrated waste management within the prepared meals and dishes sub-sectors in Bogota, Colombia, focusing on food waste. The duration of this project is estimated to be around one year starting June 2016.
5. Regional publication on Sustainable Lifestyles in LAC: Universidad El Bosque (Colombia) is working on the development of a regional study on the state of the art of sustainable lifestyles in LAC, including cases of success and policy recommendations. The launch of this publication is estimated by October 2016.
6. 6 more projects are about to start in the region regarding 10YFP implementation and financed by the 10YFP Trust Fund:
- “Towards a Sustainable Public Procurement System” in Uruguay
- “Smartphone App for Sustainable Consumption” in Chile
- “Direct use of geothermal energy for the promotion of sustainable production model in rural areas” in Chile
- “Education for Sustainability and Consumption” in Brazil
- “Implementation phase of the Sustainable Construction Policy in the Aburrá Valley” in Colombia
- “Inca Alliance for Sustainable Tourism. Public Private Partnership Model for Innovative and Sustainable Eco-Tourism in Historical-cultural and nature destinations” in Peru
7. Project on SCP Indicators: this project funded by Development Bank of Latin America (CAF) is analyzing the potential indicators that can be used to monitor SCP progress at the national and regional level taking into consideration the work on indicators developed by ILAC’s GTIA group and also potential synergies with the Regional Strategy and the SDG.
8. World Resources Forum Latin America & the Caribbean and the International Sustainable Building Congress 2016: The Congress took place between the 17 and 20 of May, 2016, in San José, Costa Rica. It was co-organized by UNEP together with Green Building Council – Costa Rica – and the World Resource Forum. The overarching theme of the Congress was “Building Sustainable Cities and Lifestyles in Latin America and the Caribbean”. The 10YFP organized two specific workshops. More information here.
9. National Roundtables on Sustainable Consumption and Production: National Roundtables on SCP took place in Cuba, Ecuador and Costa Rica during the period from September to November 2015. The main objectives were to present the consumption and production trends and associated impacts on the environment and society at the regional and global level; to share the 10YFP objectives and progress in its implementation; to facilitate the national mapping of SCP initiatives and policies; and to develop, through working groups with relevant stakeholders, national action plans for the SCP and other policies and initiatives.
10. Capacity Building Webinars for 10YFP National Focal Points: From July to September 2015 a series of webinars were held for 10YFP National Focal Points and other stakeholders from the LAC region. Participants had the opportunity to exchange and learn information on: Sustainable Consumption and Production in the region, creating strategic alliances for implementing the 10YFP, Integrated Waste Management in the region, SCP for Small Island Developing States, and Sustainable Public Procurement. More informative webinars will be developed during this year.
11. SCP Regional mapping: UNEP has developed a regional and sub-regional mapping of SCP initiatives and policies with the support of graduate students from the University of Buenos Aires where more than 200 initiatives under the 9 SCP regional priorities were identified and documented.
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Other relevant activities in the recent history are:
- Meeting of the Executive Committee on SCP (13-15 October, Santiago de Chile, Chile). More information here.
- XIX Meeting of the Forum of Ministers of Environment for LAC (15 March 2014, Los Cabos, Mexico). More information here.