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11TH – 14TH DECEMBER 2000
BAMAKO, MALI
The project on Urban Pollution of Surficial and Groundwater Aquifers in Africa was officially launched during a meeting held in the conference room of the National Headquarters of Hydraulics Service from the 11th to the 14th of December 2000. The meeting has been jointly organized by UNEP, UNESCO/IHP and ECA, in collaboration with the Directorate of Hydraulics Service of the Republic of Mali, and conducted by two Co-chairpersons, the Representatives of UNESCO and UNEP, and two rapporteurs, Mr. Abdoul Aziz TANDIA and Mr. Karaba TRAORE.
Participants:
Coordinators from six countries, except the coordinator from Benin who was absent, participated in the meeting as well as the representatives of UNESCO and UNEP and of local authorities.
Objectives of the meeting:
Initiate the launching of technical work.
Set out some standardized approaches for the teams.
Specify as far as possible the field objectives to be achieved in each country.
Identify the weaknesses of the teams and provide solutions.
Participate, in collaboration with the representatives of UNESCO and UNEP, in the discussions of the launching meeting.
CHALLENGES OF THE MEETING:

 

The project was developed in response to the recommendations of the UNESCO/IHP regional workshop on mapping groundwater vulnerability organized in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 6-8 October 1998.

The project on urban pollution of Surficial and groundwater aquifers is a joint activity developed in collaboration between UNEP-DEWA (Division of Early Warning and Assessment), as the lead agency of the project and UNESCO/IHP as partner for the implementation of the project. The project was realized in collaboration with UNCHS/Habitat and ECA (Economic Commission for Africa) who have been involved as regional and political partners.
The objectives of the project contribute to setting up the background activities to be undertaken on urban pollution and developed as a technical framework to the embryonic Network on urban groundwater vulnerability in African cities.

OBJECTIVES: Developing methodologies for optimal monitoring of the contamination of Surficial and groundwater

aquifers in African urban areas.

Policy for better safeguarding Surficial and groundwater aquifers in African urban areas, including pollution and health problems mitigation;
Establishment of an early warning network for possible water supply contamination;
Modeling of groundwater vulnerability in African urban areas; and
Capacity building development.

 

OPENING CEREMONY:

The opening ceremony was marked by three speeches by the Representative of UNESCO, the Representative of UNEP and the National Director of Hydraulics Service of the Republic of Mali.
In his address, on behalf of the Director General of UNESCO, Mr. Koichiro, the Representative of UNESCO, Mr. Emmanuel NAAH welcomed the participants. After expressing his sincere gratitude to the government of the Republic of Mali for accepting to organize this meeting and to the local organizers, especially the staff of the National Directorate of Hydraulics Service, the Representative of UNESCO presented the context of the project and its importance with regard to international and national challenges. Therefore, he wished the participants fruitful deliberations and positive achievements for the effective launching of the project.
The Representative of UNEP Mr. E. Salif DIOP, on behalf of the Executive Director of UNEP, firstly welcomed all the audience and wished the participants a successful outcome for the launching of the meeting. The Representative of UNEP noted that the project which is being implemented by UNESCO is sponsored by UNEP and its Division of Early Warning and Assessment in Nairobi. He also observed that UNEP is greatly interested in water resources, and that is the reason why the organization has just initiate its new water policy and strategy where it gives consideration to an extensive cooperation and coordination with the other agencies such as UNESCO, UNDP, FAO, WHO, WMO, World Bank etc.
In his opening remarks, Mr. Harimakan KEITA, the National Director of Hydraulics Service, on behalf of the Ministry of Mining, Water Resources and Energy welcomed the participants to the launching meeting and expressed his gratitude to the Representative of UNESCO in Mali, the Representatives of UNESCO and UNEP offices in Nairobi, the Representatives of sister countries and of ECA. He noted the background of the project and highlighted that the project is an unquestionable support of UNESCO and UNEP for Sahelian countries which are faced with the daily challenge of drinking water supply. Before declaring the meeting open and wishing participants fruitful deliberations, the National Director reaffirmed the commitment of the government of the Republic of Mali to ensure the follow-up of this project.
DELIBERATIONS OF THE FIRST DAY (Monday, 11th December 2000).
The first day was focussed on discussions between Mr. Loic GIORGI, the Senior Consultant, and the Coordinators from the participating countries. During the first day of the meeting, the Senior Consultant took the opportunity to appreciate the initial data of each team of the participating countries and to plan the agenda of the following day.
DELIBERATIONS OF THE SECOND DAY (Tuesday, 12th December 20000)
During this day, the following main issues were discussed: The presentation and review of the project document and organizational instruments. The project comprises six (6) sections corresponding to the following titles:
Project Identification
Background and Project Contribution to Overall Sub-programme Implementation
Needs and Results
Outputs, Activities, Workplan and Timetable, Budget and Follow-up
Institutional Framework, Evaluation and Budget.
Monitoring and Reporting.
After a thorough review of the section 4, the following issues were taken into consideration.

Establishment of working groups in the selected countries

Benin

 

First Name(s) and Name

 

Title

Agency/Institution

Felix AZONZI

Coordinator

Directorate of hydraulics

Moussa BOUKARI

Member

University of Cotonou

 

Burkina Faso

 

First Name(s) and Name

 

Title

Agency/Institution

Alain Nindoua SAVADOGO

Coordinator

University of Ouagadougou

Tibignina BAZIE

Member

University of Ouagadougou

Suzane YAMEOGO

Member

University of Ouagadougou

Guinéa

First Name(s) and Name

Title

Agency/Institution

Jean Patrice Roger JOURDA

Coordinator

University of Cocody – Abidjan

Fernand Koffi KOUAME

Member

University of Cocody – Abidjan

Nagnin SORO

Member

University of Cocody – Abidjan

Mamadou SAKO

Member

University of Cocody – Abidjan

Germain Miessan ADJA

Member

University of Cocody – Abidjan

Gnanzou BILE

Member

University of Cocody – Abidjan

Kan KOUAME

Member

University of Cocody – Abidjan

Cote d’Ivoire

First Name(s) and Name

Title

Agency/Institution

Mohamed Abou YOULA

Coordinator

National Directorate of Hydraulics

Pore CAMARA

Member

National Directorate of Hydraulics

Ibrahima Sory DIALLO

Member

National Directorate of Hydraulics

Mali

First Name(s) and Name

Title

Agency/Institution

Amadou Zanga TRAORE

Coordinator

National University of Engineers

Karaba TRAORE

Member

Directorate of Hydrolics/DRH Ségou
Fatouma TRAORE KENEM Member Directorate of Hydrolics/DRH Bamakou

Niger

First Name(s) and Name

Title

Agency/Institution

Boureima OUSMANE

Coordinator

University of Niamey

Abdel Kader DODO

Member

Ministry of Water Resources

Abdou guero

Member

Ministry of Water Resources

Abdou MOUMOUNI

Member

Ministry of Water Resources

Aissata HASSANE

Member

Ministry of Water Resources

Senegal

First Name(s) and Name

Title

Agency/Institution

Abdoul Aziz TANDIA

Coordinator

University of Dakar

Mamadou SARR

Coordinator

Dakar-Hydraulics Service

Isabella Niang DIOP

Member

Dakar-Hydraulics Service

Nfaly MANE

Member

Dakar-Hydraulics Service

Abdourahmane DOUMBOUYA

Member

Dakar-Hydraulics Service

Mamadou CISSE

Member

Dakar-Hydraulics Service

Saliou NGOM

Member

Dakar-Hydraulics Service

Raymond MALOU

Member

University of Dakar

Moustapha DIENE

Member

University of Dakar

Richard TENDENG

Member

University of Dakar

Ibrahima DEME

Member

University of Dakar

 

Formulation of a memorandum between the participating countries:

The Representatives of UNESCO and UNEP advocated this proposal on the grounds that it is difficult to have access to some data existing in their respective services. Following the discussion, the participants agreed, as a decision in principle, to inform the Secretaries of UNESCO National Commissions in the participating countries with copies to the stakeholders of the participating countries. Then, the Representatives of the National Commissions are obliged to officially inform the political authorities of the countries participating in the project in order to have access to the required information. Thus, each participant has produced the addresses of the institutions entitled to receive the copies of the letter which will be sent to UNESCO National Commissions.
Strict selection of the survey areas:
The identified survey areas are located in the following cities: Abidjan (Cote d’Ivoire), Bamako (Mali), Dakar (Senegal), Cotonou (Benin), Kamsar/Boké (Guinea), Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) and Niamey (Niger). After considering the maps submitted to him, the Senior Consultant provided the following starting guidelines:
Coordinators must digitize the topographical map of the experimentation area on a scale of 1/50000. In this experimentation area, topographical "zoomings" with a higher accuracy will be processed in order to obtain the most of coherent information. The "zoomings" will be on a level of about 1/10000 and will contribute to collected data.
The most relevant initial sites will comprise an upstream area and a downstream area, in addition to the specific sites of crucial pollution.
The basic information planned to start the work will be used as information levels and will include the following data:
Level 1 = Topographical survey of the area
Level 2 = Importance of the urbanization
Level 3 = Localization of experimental watering places
Level 4 = Localization of hotspots
Level 5 = Collection of aerial photographs relating to the survey area

 

(the aerial photographs shall be scanned under available data files)
As the number of information levels is open, it is advisable to add the localization of meteorological station due to the possible relevance of geological and hydrogeological data vis a vis the project objectives.
The consultant recommended that the formulations of the database should be harmonized as follows:
Use EXCEL package for figures; and
Use, for digitized files, the most generally utilized packages in the involved countries. The digitizing format will be available while the possibility of exporting the file under extension dxf will be provided.
DELIBERATIONS OF THE THIRD DAY: (Wednesday, the 13th of December 2000).

During this session, the discussion was essentially focussed on the specification of the workplan in the different countries. Thus, following a broad consultation, the senior consultant recommended a consensual programme.
As for the Website, which will be launched in order to, disseminate the project findings, the participants have agreed on the following proposals:
  • The project site will be located in Dakar, Senegal; and
  • The National Coordinator, Mr. TANDIA, in consultation with the senior consultant, is responsible for its conception and development.
Criteria of pollution survey: Following further discussions between the participants and the Senior Consultant, some criteria have been taken into consideration for the survey on water pollution to be conducted in the different countries.
Production of progress reports: Each activity planned in the above mentioned programme will be covered by a memorandum. The summary of the memoranda with the utilization, the interpretation of the data and the development of the database will facilitate the production of a report (subject to the compliance with the workplan) on the setting-up of the project system in March 2001. A more relevant report will be available before the 2001 rainy season (June/July 2001). The latter will summarize the activities undertaken during the first 8 months. All the teams should arrange to comply at the best with the workplan, as the credibility of the countries is involved.
GEF medium size project: The GEF medium size project is a medium term objective, which deserves our attention. If the urban Surficial and groundwater aquifers project is successful, the instruments of the GEF project shall urgently be mobilized, as the GEF project is a logical continuation of this process. We shall be aware that our work is an innovation that promotes us at the front line, which obliges us to keep –up our leadership. Consequently, the participants are requested to send the relevant data on the GEF project to the coordinator.
DELIBERATIONS OF THE 4TH DAY: (Thursday, 14th December 2000)
The discussions of this last session are focussed on the following:
  • Finalizing the registration of the participants’ addresses especially E-mail addresses and fax numbers. Project teams are instructed to regularly check on their E-mail messages. This means that they must initially consult and utilize the existing systems in order to get access to their messages. Then, through the project, the installation of telephone lines is planned for the connection to Internet. The purchase of computers is scheduled accordingly.
  • Sending copies to local authorities: The teams are requested to finalize the registration of the participants’ addresses.
  • Summary of deliberations by the Senior Consultant: He underlined that prior to launching the activities, the two areas jointly identified with each of the participants shall be considered as essential to the experimental area. They correspond to an upstream area and a downstream area. He emphasized the importance of the following elements:
  • Map digitization;
  • Guinea team must, as soon as possible, have a base map that must be digitized;
  • From now on, it is necessary to collect all the available data for the development of an initial database;
  • The Website will be located in Dakar, Senegal. The different members are requested to forward all the available data liable to nurture the website and improve its design;
  • It is advisable to keep-up the quality of the webpage, which will be disseminated for the public. The computer must be provided with anti-virus software that must be regularly up-dated. For instance, it is possible to take out a permanent up-dating subscription to MACFEE.
  • Visit of a possible demonstration site.
Vote of thanks, Congratulation and encouragement:
We, participants in the launching meeting of the project on the Urban Pollution of Surficial and Groundwater Aquifers in Africa,
Acknowledging the importance of the project to the protection of the urban water resources of our respective countries,
Bearing in mind the efforts made by Mr. Salif DIOP from UNEP and Mr. Emmanuel NAAH from UNESCO to develop and implement the project,
Congratulate them on this commendable action and encourage them to maintain the starting approaches to broaden and continue the activities of the project.
We, participants in the launching meeting of the project on the urban pollution of Surficial and groundwater aquifers in Africa,
Appreciating the efforts made by the National Director of Hydraulics Service and his close collaborator to organize the launching meeting,
Viewing the warm and hearty reception and serene atmosphere which prevailed during this meeting,
Aware of the availability and sympathy displayed by the local organizing team, express our most profound thanks and congratulations to the Director of the National Hydraulics Service for this successful meeting.

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