Goals # 4, 5, 6: Improve Public Health

Target 5:Reduce under-five mortality rate by two thirds between 1990 and 2015.

Target 6:Reduce the maternity mortality ratio by three quarters between 1990 and 2015.

Target 7:Halt by 2015 and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS.

Target 8: Halt by 2015 and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases

"Human beings are at the centre of concern for sustainable development. They are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature."  Source: Rio Declaration, 1992

A healthy population and a healthy environment are intimately interlinked. From long standing hazards to emerging ones, environmental factors are estimated to contribute up to 25% of death and disease globally reaching nearly 35% in some African regions. Children are most vulnerable to the imact of harmful conditions and account for 66% of the victims of environment-induced illnesses.

MDG 4. Reduce Child Mortality

Diseases (such as diarrhea) tied to unclean water and inadequate sanitation and respiratory infections related to pollution are among the leading killers of children under five. Lack of fuel for boiling water also contributes to preventable waterborne diseases.

MDG 5. Improve Maternal Health

Inhaling polluted indoor air and carrying heavy loads of water and fuel wood hurt women’s health and can make them less fit to bear children, with greater risks of complications during pregnancy. And lack of energy for illumination and refrigeration, as well as inadequate sanitation, undermine health care, especially in rural areas.

MDG 6. Combat Major Diseases

Up to 20%of the disease burden in developing countries may be due to environmental risk factors (as with malaria and parasitic infections). Preventative measures to reduce such hazards are as important as treatment – and often more cost-effective. New biodiversity-derived medicines hold promise for fighting major diseases.
Source: Human Development Report / 2003

WHO-UNEP Health Environment
Linkages Initiative (HELI)

HELI is a global effort by WHO and UNEP to promote and facilitate action in developing countries to reduce environmental threats to human health, in support of sustainable development objectives. HELI supports a more coherent approach to valuing the services that ecosystems provide to human health as part of decision-making processes.

See Also:
Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles(PCFV)
HEMA: the Health & Environment Ministers of the Americas and the European Environmental and Health Ministerial Meeting