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Two programming sessions were held between UNEP and PERSGA (Jeddah, 25-26 June 1987; Nairobi 2546 April 1989) during which potential areas of cooperation were identified regarding the Convention and the steps necessary for reactivating the Action Plan. Such communication lead to drafting and signing a memorandum of understanding between PERSGA and UNEP within the above mentioned activities. In this context, UNEP organized with PERSGA and with the involvement of IMO, a meeting of Experts on Combating Marine Pollution in the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden (Alexandria, 22-24 November 1989) which, among other subjects, considered establishing the Marine Emergency Mutual Aid Centre (MEMAC) mentioned in the protocol at Hurghada (Egypt) with the agreement of the Egyptian Government. Other activities included the joint implementation of the following projects:

· Protection of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment: Initiation of Marine Pollution Control Policies and Development of Tools for Coastal Area Management and Capacity Building – Phase 1 (in collaboration with ALECSO)

· A Review of the Geology of Coral Reefs

· Evaluation of the Status of Marine Mammals in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden

· The State of Marine Environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden

· A Review of the Environmental Legislation in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden

· Development of a national Contingency plan for Sudan