About the MDGs
The United Nations’ (UN) global summits and conferences held throughout the 1990s addressed global social, economic and environmental issues facing both developing and developed countries. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) summarise the development goals agreed upon during these events. At the end of the decade, the leaders distilled the key goals and targets in the Millennium Declaration.
The origins of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) lie in the UN Millennium Declaration, which was endorsed and adopted by the largest-ever gathering of Heads of States of 189 UN Member States on September 8, 2000.
The declaration marked a strong commitment to the right to development. On behalf of their people, the world leaders signed the Declaration which promises to free men, women and children from the dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty and make the right to development a reality for everyone. It was then translated into a roadmap setting out goals to be reached by 2015.
The MDGs comprise the world’s eight time-bound and quantifiable targets and forty eight indicators, which address poverty reduction, universal primary education, gender equality, child mortality reduction, maternal mortality reduction, reduction in HIV/Aids and malaria, environmental sustainability and global partnership for development. Most of the numerical targets are to be achieved over the 25-year period from 1990-2015.
The goals embody the efforts of the world community in achieving significant measurable improvements in people’s lives in the new century. At the heart of this agenda is the issue of human development in all its dimensions - education, training, health, housing, the provision of basic amenities such as water and electricity, employment, personal safety and security. High priority is placed on poverty reduction, the generation of sustainable employment opportunities and the creation of a harmonious society.
The Millennium Declaration
In 2000 the UN millennium declaration committed countries, rich and poor, to doing all they can to eradicate poverty, promote human dignity and equality and achieve peace, democracy and environmental sustainability.
The Millennium Project
The UN Millennium Project is an independent advisory body commissioned by the UN Secretary-General to advise the UN on strategies for achieving the Millennium Development Goals