Haiti Earthquake - UNEP/OCHA Disaster Management Teams on Standby
Staff Member Caught up in Tragedy Sends Eyewitness Account from Port au Prince
UPDATE: Port-Au-Prince, 14 January 2010 - Haiti continues to struggle with the tragic aftermath of the powerful earthquake that struck on Tuesday. Immediate priorities include search and rescue, medical services and supplies, clean water and sanitation, emergency shelter, food, logistics and telecommunications.
It is expected that a Flash Appeal, covering a period of six months, will be launched by the United Nations and international partners on Friday 15 January. Initial work to understand the environmental impacts of the earthquake have already started in Haiti, and once the situation on the ground permits, UNEP is ready to take an active role in leading the cross-cutting issue of environmental impacts. Based on initial observations the main environmental impact and associated impacts on human well-being are expected to be building waste management.
UNEP's Post-Conflict and Disaster Management Branch based in Geneva has extensive experience in post-disaster recovery and post-disaster waste management. Following the devastating 7,9 magnitude earthquake that struck China's western Sichuan province on 12 May 2008, UNEP sent experts to China to provide technical assistance. Through its office in Beijing, UNEP has continued to provide advice to the Chinese government on environmental management, green reconstruction, asbestos laboratories, contaminated site assessment, and national guidelines in disaster reduction and emergency response.
Port au Prince, 13 January 2010 - A UNEP staff member on mission in Haiti has sent a tragic eyewitness account through to colleagues in the wake of the country's worst and most devastating earthquake since 1770.
Andrew Morton, a programme manager working on a project aimed at restoring the forests, freshwaters and other ecosystems of the Caribbean island, said: "I am writing this from the main UN compound in Port au Prince. The quake was a direct hit on the city. Destroyed buildings are everywhere, walls collapsed, roads blocked."
"Casualties will be in the many thousands. UN has also suffered casualties as a six storey UN building collapsed. The priority for Wednesday is search and rescue and preparing to assist the population," he added.
Mr. Morton, a veteran of UNEP's Post Conflict and Disaster Management Branch, said he planned to stay to assist in emergency engineering and building and infrastructure assessment.
In Geneva, the UNEP/Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Joint Environment Unit was monitoring the situation closely and teams are on standby to assist with the forthcoming recovery efforts.
The unit has operated in the aftermath of other earthquake disasters including in Pakistan, and Peru as well as the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004.
It has identified and conveyed potential secondary risks to human health and the environment in the form of a Hazard Identification Tool, HIT, a useful tool for assessments of actual impacts and potential needs for further assistance, which lists "big and obvious" facilities and objects that may pose a risk in the aftermath of the earthquake. The list includes indications of the substances that are expected to be present in these facilities, as well as the hazard types associated with these substances and related estimated impact types.
Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and UNEP Executive Director, said today: "We are deeply concerned for the people of Haiti and our sympathies go out to those families and communities devastated by the earthquake as well as to the families of UN staff members who have died or been injured."
"The immediate need is for activities such as search and rescue and for medical support and basic provisions. However, UNEP stands ready as part on an overall UN effort to assist in areas where the earthquake may have triggered environmental hazards as a result of for example infrastructure damaged and the release of pollution or similar hazards," he added.
The earthquake, which comes just over a year after the hurricanes which hit Haiti in 2008, poses a significant setback to the strides the country had made recently to reverse years of environmental degradation.
Haiti recently signed a tri-national agreement with Cuba and the Dominican Republic to develop a Caribbean Biological Corridor with the assistance of UNEP and the World Food Programme (WFP). In addition, UNEP, along with other UN agencies planned to launch the Haiti Regeneration Initiative in 2010 comprising of reforestation, marine environment and renewable energy projects.
Speaking from UN Headquarters in New York on Wednesday, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said: "My heart goes out to the people of Haiti after this devastating earthquake. At this time of tragedy, I am very concerned for the people of Haiti and also for the many United Nations staff who serve there. I am receiving initial reports and following developments closely".
The Joint UNEP/OCHA Environmental Emergencies Unit will utilize a Hazard Identification Tool (HIT), to allow Disaster Assessment and Coordination teams on the ground to recognize potential secondary risks to human safety as well as the environment. The HIT lists the facilities and objects most likely to pose a risk in the aftermath of the earthquake, and their probable impacts.
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