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C - Action Plan

All of the recommendations approved by the Conference for action at the international level (see section B above) are rearranged in the following Action

Plan for the Human Environment within the approved framework (see section A above). The recommendations, which, before and during the Conference, had been dealt with sectorally, by subject area, are redistributed below, according to function, into the three components of the Action Plan: the global environmental assessment programme (Earthwatch), the environmental management activities, and the supporting measures.

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT (EARTHWATCH)

This category includes the functions listed below:

Evaluation and review: to provide the basis for identification of the knowledge needed and to determine that the necessary steps be taken:

Recommendations: 4, 11, 14, 18, 21, 30, 41, 44, 46 (c, d), 48, 49, 54, 55, 60, 61, 63, 70, 74, 75, 81, 85, 88, 91 (a), 92 (c), 93, 94, 95 (d, e), 106, 109.

Research: to create new knowledge of the kinds specifically needed to provide guidance in the making of decisions:

Recommendations: 4, 12, 13, 16 (b), 18 (c), 20 (b, c), 21, 23, 24 (a, b), 26, 28, 41, 42, 43 (5. b, c), 45 (2. b), 48, 49, 51 (c), 52, 53 (d), 59, 62, 64, 65, 66, 68, 73, 74 (d), 76, 78, 79 (d), 80 (a-c), 84, 85, 87, 88, 89, 94, 95 (d), 102 (a. i), 106 (c), 108.

Monitoring: to gather certain data on specific environmental variables and to evaluate such data in order to determine and predict important environmental conditions and trends:

Recommendations: 18 (I. a-e), 20 (a. iv), ?5, 29, 30, 40, 45, 46 (a-c), 49, 51 (c. i, ii), 52 (I. c), 55, 57, 67, 73, 74, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 87, 90, 91, 94, 95, 102, 104, 105, 108.

Information exchange: to disseminate knowledge within the scientific and technological communities and to ensure that decision-makers at all levels shall have the benefit of the best knowledge that can be made available in the forms and at the times in which it can be useful:

Recommendations: 2, 4, 5, 16 (c), 19 (a), 20 (a, c) 21 (a), 26, 27, 35, 37, 39, 41, 45, 46 (b), 49,51 (c), 52' 53 (c), 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 73, 74 (b), 84, 91, 95 96 (b), 97, 100 (c), 101, 102 (d, e, h, i), 108.

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

This category covers functions designed to facilitate comprehensive planning that takes into account the side effects of man's activities and thereby to protect and enhance the human environment for present and future generations.

Recommendations: 1, 2, 3, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18 (3, 4), 19, 20 (d), 21, 22, 23, 27, 32, 33, 36,37, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 61,63, 68, 69, 70,,,7u 72, 75 (b), 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 88, 92, 93, 94, 96 (b), 98, 99, 100 (a), 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109.

SUPPORTING MEASURES

This category relates to measures required for the activities in the other two categories (environmental assessment and environmental management).

Education, training and public information: to supply needed specialists, multidisciplinary professionals and technical personnel and to facilitate the use of knowledge in decision-making at every level.

Recommendations: 6, 7, 8, 13, 16, 18 (4), 19 (b), 3 1, 34, 73, 89 (d), 93, 94, 95 (e), 96, 97, 102 (f).

Organizational arrangements:

Recommendations: 4 (1), 7 (b), 16, 18, 20 (b. iii), 21 (a. vi), 23, 26, 31 (b), 33, 34 (b), 41, 43 (2,6, 7), 45, AQ 50, 51, 52 (2), 79, 85, 87 (c), 89 (d), 91, 93, 94, 101, ;6; (e).

Financial and other forms of assistance:

Recommendations: 1, 2 (I. c), 10, 12, 13, 15, 16 (d), 18 (2, 4), 19 (b), 21 (a), 34 (b), 36, 43 (b),45, 46 (d), 49, 50, 51 (c. viii), 53, 73, 74, 77, 85 (d), 93, 94, 95, 96, 97 (I. e, 2), 98, 1 00 (b), 102 (i, j, k), 107, 108.