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TRAINING MANUAL FOR CUSTOMS OFFICERS. SAVING THE OZONE LAYER

Nairobi/Paris November 2001 The manual provides guidance to National Ozone Units and customs trainers on how to organise and conduct training for the implementation of trade controls on ODS and products containing ODS. It includes generic agendas, concept notes, checklists, evaluation questionnaires as well as all relevant training materials and overheads. The English version will be translated into French, Spanish, Chinese and Arabic.

It also encourages closer co-operation between the secretariats of different international environmental conventions in order to develop a more integrated approach towards customs training.

The ozone layer is vital to life on Earth. It acts as a filter for the harmful ultraviolet radiation. The Montreal Protocol is an international agreement of 181 Parties which aims to eliminate the production and consumption of ODS. In order to control and monitor the amount of ODS entering or leaving a country, import / export licensing systems have become mandatory for all Parties that have ratified the Montreal Amendment to the Montreal Protocol. The successful operation of such licensing systems and the prevention of illegal trade depend on properly trained customs and enforcement officers.

The project has been jointly funded by Environment Canada and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland as part of their financial contributions to the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

This manual is part of a series of UNEP's ozone protection publications

under the Multilateral Fund and is being disseminated to all developing

countries.

About the UNEP DTIE Energy & OzonAction Programme

This publication is part of the information exchange services provided by UNEP to developing countries to help them meet their obligations under the Montreal Protocol. UNEP provides other clearinghouse services (Training & Networking of ODS Officers) as well as assistance with the development of national ODS phase out strategies (Country Programmes) and Institutional Strengthening support.

To make this document widely available, the OzonAction Programme is

publishing the hard copy and making it accessible through the OzonAction Programme's web site at http://www.uneptie.org/ozonaction.html.

For more information, contact: Rajendra M. Shende, Chief, UNEP DTIE Energy and OzonAction Unit, Tour Mirabeau, 39-43 quai Andre Citroen, Paris 75739 cedex 15, France or Tel: (33.1) 44.37.14.50, Fax: (33.1) 44.37.14.74, Email: ozonaction@unep.fr.

About the UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics

The mission of the UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics is to help decision-makers in government, local authorities, and industry develop and adopt policies and practices that: are cleaner and safer; make efficient use of natural resources; ensure adequate management of chemicals; incorporate environmental costs; reduce pollution and risks for humans and the environment. The UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and

Economics (UNEP DTIE) located in Paris, is composed of one centre and four units:

· The International Environmental Technology Centre (Osaka), which

promotes the adoption and use of environmentally sound technologies with a focus on the environmental management of cities and freshwater basins, in developing countries and countries in transition.

· Production and Consumption (Paris), which fosters the development of cleaner and safer production and consumption patterns that lead to

increased efficiency in the use of natural resources and reductions in

pollution.

· Chemicals (Geneva), which promotes sustainable development by

catalysing global actions and building national capacities for the sound management of chemicals and the improvement of chemical safety world-wide, with a priority on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and Prior Informed Consent (PIC, jointly with FAO).

· Energy and OzonAction (Paris), which supports the phase-out of ozone depleting substances in developing countries and countries with economies in transition, and promotes good management practices and use of energy, with a focus on atmospheric impacts. The UNEP/RISØ Collaborating Centre on Energy and Environment supports the work of the Unit.

· Economics and Trade (Geneva), which promotes the use and application of assessment and incentive tools for environmental policy and helps improve the understanding of linkages between trade and environment and the role of financial institutions in promoting sustainable development.

UNEP DTIE activities focus on raising awareness, improving the transfer of information, building capacity, fostering technology cooperation, partnerships and transfer, improving understanding of environmental impacts of trade issues, promoting integration of environmental considerations into economic policies, and catalysing global chemical safety.

UNEP Information Note 01/39

Nick Nuttall, Head of Media Services, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Nairobi, Kenya.

Tel: 254 2 623084, Mobile 254 (0) 733 632755, Fax 254 2 623692, e-mail

nick.nuttall@unep.org