O. Programme and policy consideration
The Governing Council,
Noting with satisfaction General Assembly resolution 32/168 of 19 December 1977, which stresses the need to take account of environmental considerations in implementing the Programme of Action on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order, contained in Assembly resolution 3202 (s-VI) of 1 May 1974, and in the formulation of th new international development strategy, and noting further that this is a reflection of the seriousness with which the States Members of the United Nations accept the need to incorporate environmentally sound approaches effectively into national and international strategies for development,
Noting with approval the work undertaken and being planned by the Executive Director in promoting the understanding of environment-development relationships, in helping to develop tools and methodologies aimed at assisting environmentally sound panning and decision-making, and in encouraging experiments and pilot projects,
Reiterating its long-held view that solutions and approaches to environmental problems will vary between countries, depending on their levels of development, social-economic structures and environmental characteristics,
1. Calls upon the United Nations system and Governments to intensify efforts towards defining ways and means , and concrete action programmes, for effectivelyincorporating the environmental dimension into full account of development priorities and objecives in their activities;
2. Invites the General Assembly to request its committee Established under general Assembly resolution 32/174, and other United Nations organizations and bodies involved in the preparation of the new international development concerns, and decides to consider at its seventh session, during the in-depth discussion of environment and development the inputs of the United Nations Environment Programme into the preparations of the new international development strategy and into the 1980 special session of the General Assembly on the new interntional economic order;
3. Invites Governments and international organizations to participate in the prepartion, proceedings and follow-up of the regional seminar on alternative patterns of development and life style, sponsored by the United Nations Environment Programme and the regional commissions of the United Nations, and recommends that the results ofthese seminars serve inter alia as an input into the formulation of the international development strategy for the 1980s and beyond;
4. Notes the importance of technical and economic co-operation among developing countries for finding appropriate solution to environmental problems, and urges Governments and international organizations, in participating in future activities in this area, including the forthcoming United Nations Conference on Technical Co-operation among Developing Countries, to come forward with concrete recommendations for joint programmes and for the exchange of experience and know-how among developing countries on environment-development matters;
5. Calls upon the Executive Director to continue to participate with relevant international organizations, in particular the United Nations conference on Trade and Development, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization and the International Labour Organization, in contributing to the incorporation of the environmental dimension in the ongoing work directed towards global redeployment of industry, in response to one of the strategies contained in the Declaration adopted by the Second General conference of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization; 42/
42/ See A/10112, chap. IV.
6. Requests the Executive Director to accord high priority to the Implementation of Governing Council decision 87 A (V) of 25 May 1977, regarding industry and the environment, and to report to the Governing Council at its seventh session on the steps taken and planned in this respect, indicating in particular the relationship of these steps to the environment and developing subject are as a whole;
7. Welcomes the existing and proposed studies of the extent to which environmental factors are taken into account in bilateral and multilateral development assistance, undertaken with the support of the United Nations Environment Programme and others, 43/ and calls upon all Governments, as well as the bilateral and multilateral aid institutions concerned, to participate fully in, and bring the necessary resources to bear on, devising effective means for assessing the environmental impact of development activities, so as to ensure those activities are environmentally sound;
8. Notes also the study being undertaken under the auspices of the Environment co-ordination Board 44/ on the environmental impact of the activities of Board members, and requests the Executive Director to inform the Governing council at its seventh session on progress in this respect;
9. Invites the Executive Director to consider convening, during 1979, an expert meeting to review the outcome of the studies referred to in paragraph 7 and 8 above, with the purpose of encouraging bilateral, multilateral and international development assistance agencies to make wider and more systematic use of methodologies to introduce environmental considerations into their development policies, programme and projects at the earliest possible stage and to the fullest possible extent;
10. Requests the Executive Director, within the network of appropriate technology institutions, 45/ to initiate and assign high priority to stimulating practical activities for the development and promotion of appropriate and environmentally sound technologies;
11. Urges the Executive Director to use the proposed network on environmentally sound and appropriate technologies, including human settlements technologies, the International Referral System, and other activities within the programme, in order to participate in the search for and dissemination of information about environmentally sound and appropriate technologies, and to increase the opportunities available to inventors and innovative technicians to develop and disseminate their inventions;
43/ UNEP/GC.6/7, para. 91.
44/ Ibid., para. 92.
45/ Ibid., para. 99.
12. Underlines the importance of practical experiments, particularly ecodevelopment pilot projects, and recommends that such projects be carried out at the national level,in both developed and developing countries, to help evolve concrete and taking into account the importance of public participation;
13. Commends the Executive Director for having performed a catalytic rule in the launching to two pilot ecodevelopment projects, and requests him to continue his work in promoting and supporting more such projects, with clear demonstration effects and on a balanced geographical basis, in assisting the exchange of information and experience among them, and in disseminating the information obtained with the aim of developing an intergrated programme in ecodevelopment.
24 May 1978
Funding of environment and development
The Governing Council
Noting that the activities of the United Nations Environment Programme in relation to environment-development can have a significance catalytic and policy impact.
Noting further the reduced allocation for the environment and development budget line approved by the Governing Council at its fifth session 46/ for the biennium 1978 – 1979 as against that previously approved by the Council at its third session 47/ for the blennium 1976 – 1977, and the reduction in the approval allocation for 1979 as against that for 1978,
Considering that, in order to make possible the implementation of planned environment-development activities, it will be necessary by 1980 to re-establish the allocations for this budget line at levels at least commensurate with those prior to the fifth session of the Governing Council,
1. Calls upon Governments and bilateral and multilateral development assistance institution to support pilot projects and practical activities in environment and development;
46/ Decision 98 B (V) of 24 May 1977.
47/ Decision 36 (III) of 23 April 1975.
2. Recommends that, since small projects can play a very useful role in this area, the Executive Director should make wider and more effective use of such projects;
3. Decides that for the year 1979 the environment-development budget should be increased by $450,000 (from reapportionment) to $ 1,650,000 and that the order of priority for the allocations should be as follows:
(a). Integrated approach to environment and development, including ecodevelopment;
(b). Environmentally sound and appropriate technologies;
(c). Industry and environment
(d). Use of natural resources;
4. Calls upon the Executive Director, in preparing proposed allocations for the blennium 1980 – 1981 for submission to the Governing Council at its seventh session, to propose the continued increase required in the allocation for the environment and development budget line which are expected to arise from increased activities in this importanct area, including preparations for and follow-up to the special session of the General Assembly in 1980 to assess the progress in the establishment of the new international economic order;
5. Requests the Executive Director, invites international organizations and appeals to all countries to formulate and implement appropriate peogrames and projects in the field of environment and development with a view to achieving the objectives of this programme area.
24 May 1978
P. Improvement of the working environment
The Governing Council,
Recalling its decision 87 B (V) of 25 May 1977 calling on the executive Director to develop, in co-operation with the International Labour Organization and other international organization concerned, a coherent programme for the improvement of the working environment,
Noting with satisfaction the preliminary steps taken by the Executive Director to give to this decision, as set forth in paragraph 22 of his report in development in the environment programme during the period February to April 1978, 48/
Recognizing that enhanced productive effort and a better working environment must play a vital role in the establishment of a new international economic order and in the formulation of a new international development strategy,
1. Invites the Executive Directors for pursue his efforts in this direction by promoting, through thematic joint programming, a co-ordinated programme of the United Nations system for the improvement of their living conditions in relation to their work;
2. Urges the Executive Director to provide assistance to developing countries in strengthening their technical and administrative capabilities to apply efectively international labour conventions and recommendations for the protection of the working environment;
3. Requests the Executive Director to intesify activities during the biennium 1973 – 1979 for the improvement of the working environment.