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A - Review of recent developments for subjects other than those selected for in-depth reporting

169. Several speakers noted the importance of work on the methodologies for incorporating the environmental dimension into planning and decision making, and supported the activities of UNEP in that area, including the regional seas programme activities. They also stressed that insufficient knowledge of the subject was available and that tools must be developed through practical experience. Two delegations spoke of the growing attention paid to environment in their governments’ bilateral aid programmes.


23/ for the text of the decision see annex 1 below

24/ for the definition of “ecodevelopment”, see documents UNEP/GC/80 and UNEP/GC/102

170. A number of delegations expressed strong support for the UNEP sponsored regional seminars on alternative patterns of development and life styles, and welcomed the intention of the executive director to link them with the regional seas programme. 28/ another speaker felt that the seminars also offered an opportunity for exchange of environment experience between developing countries on a regional basis, something that should become a regular practice.

171. It was generally felt that high importance should be given to environmentally sound and appropriate technologies, and that UNEP should play a dynamic role in their promotion and in the environment aspects of technology in general. One delegation said that he concept should be redefined as locally appropriate and accessible technologies which must be scientifically sound, acceptable to the community and realistic regarding resources, and take account of cultural factors. Other speakers emphasized the importance of introducing appropriate local technologies through self-reliance and economic and technical co-operation among developing countries. One delegation inquired as to the nature of the management mechanism of the network on environmentally sound and appropriate technologies. 29/ another expressed the opinion that UNEP should encourage the selection, promotion, dissemination and use of environmentally sound technologies by supporting relevant research, assisting governments, and even promoting a system to encourage the adoption of promising innovations that could not otherwise be pursued through lack of adequate finical and other support, while another said that UNEP should emphasize more the generation of local technologies, rather then the transfer of technologies. Some speakers indicated that, to permit more practical solutions problems in developing countries, more dissemination of information, more training courses, and more funds were needed for the sub-area.

172. Regarding industry and environment, one delegation said that future seminars should more adequately reflect the realities of environmental protecting in participating countries. A number of speakers supported the efforts of UNEP to encourage the use of low-waste technology and recycling. 30/ others indicating the need for more concrete action in areas such as industrial siting, and for improved