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86 (V). Terrestrial ecosystems

A

Ecosystems of arid and semi-arid lands

The Governing Council,

noting with satisfaction the priority assigned by the United Nations Environment Programme to terrestrial ecosystems, which constitute a concentration area, in particular arid and semi-arid lands' ecosystems, which are characterized by their fragility,

Considering that arid and semi-arid regions cover more than 40 per cent of the earth's surface, containing more than 13 per cent of the world's population, and that these proportions may become even larger in the years ahead if a programme for the protection of the endangered areas is not established as soon as possible,

Considering further that this danger applies particularly to the lands of the Sahelian and other regions of Africa, which have for many years been afflicted by drought and will soon be subject to progressive deterioration into savannah, which may make these fertile lands arid,

Recalling the importance of the United Nations Conference on Desertification,

Requests the Executive Director to examine the possibility of extending the integrated project on arid lands to the Sahelian and North African regions threatened by desertification by establishing applied research pilot projects in these regions.

75th meeting 25 May 1977

B

Training in tropical ecology

The Governing Council,

Having considered the report of the Executive Director on the recent development of the activities of the environment programme and the proposals for activities to be undertaken,

Considering the increased importance which should be assigned to projects of the United Nations Environment Programme in the coming years in the developing countries, and particularly in Africa,

Noting with satisfaction the importance attached to the training of tropical ecologists in Africa on the occasion of the meeting held at Kinshasa in 1975, organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in co-operation with the United Nations Environment Programme,

Considering the need of the developing countries, particularly in Africa, for specialists in ecology to implement national programmes for the management of natural resources and ecosystems,

Requests the Executive Director, in co-operation with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, to continue his support for the training of specialists in tropical ecology.

75th meeting 25 May 1977

C

Secretariat of the Convention on International Trade in

Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

The Governing Council,

Noting with satisfaction the programme activities in wildlife and protected areas, 24/

Bearing in mind the profound significance of wildlife to human survival, as an economic, nutritional and cultural resource, as an indicator of environmental health and as an essential component of ecosystems,

Bearing in mind also that many species are threatened by extinction through international trade,

Believing that the protection of endangered species is a matter of high priority for national and international efforts,

Noting that article XII, paragraph 1, of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora 25/ states that the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme shall provide a secretariat for the Convention,

Noting with satisfaction that 35 States are now parties to the Convention, and that more will soon ratify or accede to it,

1. Recognizes, with appreciation, the contribution made by the United Nations Environment Programme to date in providing secretariat services for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora;

2. Resolves that adequate means are essential for proper implementation of the Convention;

3. Requests the Executive Director to provide further secretariat capabilities based on the analysis presented in the resolution concerning the secretariat of the Convention adopted by the first meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention. 26/

75th meeting ,25 May 1977