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I - MATTERS CONSIDERED BY THE GOVERNING COUNCIL AT ITS NINTH SESSION REQUIRING THE SPECIFIC ATTENTION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY AND/OR THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL

3. By resolution 3345 (XXIX) of 17 December 1974, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to report to the Economic and Social Council, on a continuing basis and with comments, as appropriate, of the Governing Council of UNEP, on the results of coordinated multidisciplinary research on the interrelationships between population, resources, environment and development. Having considered the second report of the Secretary-General on the subject (E/1981/65), the Council, by paragraph 10 of decision 9/1, section II, of 26 May 1981 (see annex I to the present report), invited the attention of the Economic and Social Council to its views on that report expressed in paragraph 6-8 of the decision. By paragraph 9 of the same decision, the Council decided to annex to the present report the report of the Executive Director prepared on the basis of the recommendations of the high-level group of experts on the subject which he convened in January 1981. The report in question was annexed to the Executive Director's note on the subject (UNEP/GC.9/2/Add.4), and is reproduced in annex II to the present report. The views expressed by delegations attending the ninth session of the Council on the report of the Secretary-General and the note by the Executive Director are reflected in paragraphs 67 to 69, 179 and 288 of the present report.

4. By section III of decision 9/1 of 26 May 1981, the Governing Council took note of the intentions of the Executive Director (as indicated in his report on the subject (UNEP/GC.9/2/Add.1) regarding the implementation of resolutions of the General Assembly at its thirty-fifth session, and of the Economic and Social Council at its second regular session of 1980, which are of relevance to UNEP. By paragraph 3 of section III, the Council also, in response to Assembly resolution 35/219 of 17 December 1980 on Arabic language services, decided to amend rule 63, paragraph 1, of its rules of procedure in order to include Arabic as one of its official and working languages.

Consequent upon paragraph 13 of General Assembly resolution 35/74 of

5 December 1980, in which the Assembly decided to convene in 1982 a session of a special character of the Governing Council, the Council, by decision 9/2 of 26 May 1981, having considered the report submitted by the Executive Director in response to paragraph 15 of that resolution (UNEP/GC.9/2/Add.2), recommended to the Assembly the adoption of a draft resolution concerning the session of a special character. The text of the draft resolution appears in paragraph 1 of the decision (see annex I to the present report). The attention of the Assembly is also drawn to paragraph 6 of the decision, in which the Council invites it to consider favourably the financial implications of the convening of the session of a special character. For the views expressed by delegations on the subject, see paragraphs 84 to 87.

6. The General Assembly may also wish to note that by paragraph 2 of its decision 9/4 of 25 May 1981, on the environment and the arms race, the Council invites the Preparatory Committee for the Second Special Session of the General Assembly Devoted to Disarmament to consider including the draft agenda for the session an item on the impact of the arms race on nature. For the views expressed by delegations on the subject, paragraphs 81, 82 and 137 to 142. The decision was adopted by roll-call vote: the voting is described in paragraph 140.

7. By resolution 3436 (XXX) of 9 December 1975, the General Assembly requested the Governing Council to keep it informed annually of any new international convention concluded in the field of the environment and of the status of existing conventions, with particular reference to ratifications, accessions and entry into force, as well ' as of the intention to become parties to such conventions expressed by Governments during the year between sessions of the Council. Accordingly, by paragraph 5 of the decision 9/10 A of 26 May 1981 (see annex I), the Council authorized the Executive Director to transmit his report on international conventions and protocols in the field of the environment (UNEP/GC.9/5/Add.1), together with the fourth supplement to the list of such conventions and protocols (UNEP/GC/INFORMATION/5/Supplement 4), to the Assembly at its thirty-sixth session. These will be before the Assembly at that session as separate documents.

8. By resolution 34/183 of 18 December 1979, the General Assembly requested the Governing Council to report to it at its thirty-sixth session, through the Economic and Social Council, on the problems relating to marine pollution. By decision 9/10 A, paragraph 6, the Council authorized the Executive Director-to transmit his report on the subject (UNEP/GC.9/5/Add.4), on its behalf, in response to the above resolution. The report will be before the Economic and Social Council- at its second regular session of 1981 and the General Assembly at its thirty-sixth session as a separate document. For the views of delegations concerni.ng.the question of marine pollution, see paragraphs 295 to 299.

9. By resolution 1980/49 of 23 July 1980, the Economic and Social Council called upon UNEP, in pursuance of General Assembly resolution 34/188 of 18 December 1979, to elaborate concrete and specific proposals on energy and the environment aimed at making an effective and meaningful contribution to the United Nations Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy, and to report thereon, through the Governing Council, to the Economic and Social Council at its second regular session of 1981. The Assembly, in paragraph 6 of resolution 35/74 of 5 December 1980, stressed the importance of the United Nations Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy, and called upon UNEP to contribute actively to and participate in the preparatory work for the Conference. The Assembly may therefore wish to note that, in response to the Economic and Social Council resolution, the Governing Council, by paragraph 7 of decision 9/10 A of 26 May 1981, authorized the Executive Director to submit his report on UNEP and the Energy Conference (UNEP/GC.9/5/Add.4), on its behalf, to the Economic and Social Council at its second regular session of 1981. The Council also adopted decisions concerning the Conference (decision 9/7 of 25 May 1981) and on work on energy as a component of the environment programme (decision 9/18 of 26 May 1981). The views of delegations on these issues are reflected in paragraphs 104, 105 and 312 to 317 of the present report.

10. By resolution 34/186, also of 18 December 1979, on co-operation in the field of the environment concerning natural resources shared by two or more States, the Assembly requested the Governing Council to submit to it at its thirty-sixth session a report on the progress made in the implementation of the resolution. Having considered the report prepared by the Executive Director as a basis for its report (UNEP/GC.9/2/Add.5), the Council, by decision 9/19 B of 26 May 1981 (see annex I) determined that it did not suffice as such, and requested the Executive Director, in consultation with Governments to prepare for consideration at its tenth session a report dealing exclusively with progress made in the application of the resolution, without recommendations regarding the identification or definition of shared natural resources. Accordingly, the report in question will be submitted through the Economic and Social Council, to the General Assembly at its thirty-seventh session (see para. 521 of the present report). For the discussion of this matter by Sessional Committee I of the Governing Council, see paragraphs 323, 324 and 374 to 380.

11. By resolution 35/72 of 5 December 1980, the General Assembly requested the Governing Council to continue to report to it annually, through the Economic and Social Council, on the implementation of the Plan of Action to Combat Desertification in the Sudano-Sahelian region. Accordingly, by decision 9/22 B of 26 May 1981, paragraph 5, the Council authorized the Executive Director to submit his report on the implementation of the Plan of Action in the Sudano-Sahelian region (UNEP/GC.9/8/Add.1) together with the decision, to the Assembly at its thirty-sixth session. The report will be before the Economic and Social Council and the General Assembly as a separate document. The Assembly will also note that paragraph 3 of the decision in which the Council decides to include Benin among the countries eligible to receive assistance through the United Nations Sudano-Sahelian office, constitutes a response to paragraph 5 of resolution 35/72. Relevant discussions during the Governing Council are reflected in paragraphs 99, 251 and 252 of the present report.

12. By paragraph 12 of resolution 35/74, the General Assembly, echoing the terms of paragraph 9 of Economic and Social Council resolution 1980/49, invited Governments to consider proposals whereby additional contributions to the Fund of the United Nations Environment Programme would be used for measures dealing with serious environmental problems in developing countries, taking into account the relevant provisions of resolution 34/188 of 18 December 1979, and requested the Governing Council to report thereon to the Economic and Social Council at its second regular session of 1981. Accordingly, the Executive Director submitted to the Governing Council at its ninth session a report on additional resources for environmental problems in developing countries (UNEP/GC.9/10/Add.2) in which he reviewed a range of measures for ensuring the provision of additional resources to the Environment Fund, covering new means of funding, increased contributions through established financial means, and the Swedish proposal made at the eighth session of the Governing Council, 1/ and also discussed in the Second Committee of the General Assembly at its thirty-fifth session, regarding the establishment of a "special window" in the Environment Fund. As a result of the discussions in Sessional Committee II (see paras. 438-451 of the present report), however, the Council, by decision 9/24 of 26 May 1981 (see annex I), decided to postpone until its tenth regular session its reponse to the request made by the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council.

13. By decision 9/27 C of 26 May 1981, the Governing Council requested the General Assembly to instruct the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions to review in depth the programme and programme support costs of the Environment Fund, taking into account the discussions of the Governing Council at its ninth session, and to report thereon to the Council at its tenth session. The relevant discussions are reflected in paragraphs 113 and 480 to 498 of the present report.

1/ See Official Records of the General Assembly, Thirth-fifth Session, Supplement No. 2 (A/35/25), para. 80.