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Institutional arrangements for the United Nations Environmental Programme

1 Considers that the institutional arrangements for international co-operation in the field of the environment – the Governing Council, the secretariat, the co-ordination process within the United Nations system through the Administrative Committee on Co-operation and the Environment Fund – are, generally speaking adequate and appropriate;

2. Encourages Governments to keep under close and continuing review the functioning of these Institutional arrangements and the Implementation of the environmental activities of the organizations of the United Nations system with a view to improve co-ordination, programme strengthening and greater overall effectiveness and efficiency in their applications of financial and manpower resources;

3. Considers that the catalytic, co-ordinating and stimulating role of the United Nations Environment Programme remains appropriate and will require the continuing attention of the Governing Council in the light of section IV, paragraph 1 ©, bearing in mind the responsibilities of other bodies of the United Nations system;

4. Invites the Governing Council, at its regular sessions, to;

(a) Give overall policy guidance on global, contemporary and emerging issues;

(b) Set priorities for the implementation of the programme approved by it and assure that funds and/or other resources are made available in accordance with these priorities;

(c) Address itself more to governing bodies of other organizations of the United Nations system dealing with various environmental issues;

5. Requests the Executive Director, in preparing the system-wide medium-term environment programme in harmony with procedures agreed to by the Committee for Programme and Co-ordination, to emphasize the process of thematic joint programming, to intensify his consultations with various organizations of the United Nations system in the further development of the programme, and to ensure that the relationships between the secretariat of the United Nations Environment Programmes and its co-operating agencies and supporting organization continue to be positive and constructive;

6. Stress the important present and future role of the Environment Fund;

7. Stresses further that, in view of the basic orientations described in Section IV above, renewed efforts are necessary, and therefore;

(a) Strongly appeals to Governments to ensure that their contributions are in line with those objectives and basic orientations;

(b) Requests the Executive Director to continue his campaign to broaden participation in and secure a higher level of contribution to the Fund, and seek other modalities of funding, and to continue his consultations with the Secretariat-General to ensure application of the rationale for the distribution of the costs of the programme between the regular budget of the United Nations and the Environment Fund;

(c) Further requests the Executive Director to develop and put into effect mechanisms to ensure that budgetary measures are more responsible to regional, sub regional and national needs.

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Resolution II

Special commission on long-term environmental strategies

The Governing Council,

Meeting in a session of special character,

Recognizing the need to assist the world community in better defining long-term environmental strategies.

1. Invites the Governing Council at its tenth session to recommend to the General Assembly, subject to examination and finalization of the question according to paragraph 3 below, that it establish a special commission to be financed through volutary contributions;

2. Recommends that the task of the special commission should be, inter alia, to propose long-term environmental strategies for achieving sustainable development to the year 2000 and beyond. The Commission should present its report within two years, through the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme, to the General Assembly for consideration and action;

3. Requests the Executive Director to present to the Governing Council at its tenth session the question of establishing such a commission and its terms of reference and financial arrangements.

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Resolution III

Arms and the environment

The Governing Council

Meeting in a session of a special character,

Considering that:

(a) A major treat to the environment, of greater concern than a decade ago, is the possibility of a global confrontation. During the last decade, even armed conflicts in many regions have brought about major environmental damage as well as massive displacement of populations. The human environment would greatly benefit from an atmosphere of peace and security.

(b) The accumulation of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction poses serious environmental risks. Apart from causing human suffering and material destruction, modern system of war cause environmental disruption on a large scale, and serious effect the ecological balance of the area where they are used. Already military preparation consume the important amount of financial, material and intellectual resources.

(c) Global nuclear war would signify largely unknown and unpredictable damage to earth’s vital ecological system, perhaps eroding the very basis of life.

(d) Environmental degradation by military activities can be prevented by disarmament, particularly nuclear disarmament, which would apart from enhancing security, significantly expand the economic and social horizons of industrial and developing countries alike.

1. Appeals to Governments and the world community as a whole to do the unmost to halt the arms race and thereby prevent a major threat to the environment;

2. Requests the Secretary-General of the United Nations to bring this appeal to the attention of the General Assembly at its second special session devoted to disarmament.

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Resolution IV

Environmental consequences of the Israeli project to build

a canal linking the Mediterranean Sea to the Dead Sea

The Governing Council,

Meeting in a session of a special character.

Recalling General Assembly resolution 36/150 of 16 December 1981 on Israel’s decision to build a canal linking the Mediterranean Sea to the Dead Sea, resolution 3 of the United Nations Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy, of 8 August 1981, which denounced the Israeli project, and General Assembly resolution 33/110 of 8 December 1978 on the living conditions of the Palestinian people.

Affirming the necessity of implementing the provisions of the United Nations charter and international law which affirm that action taken by occupying authorities to change the nature of the occupied territories is illegal.

Requests the Executive Director to prepare, in addition to the study requested of the Secretary-General by the General Assembly in paragraph 3 of its resolution 36/150 of 16 December 1981, a study on a adverse environmental implications resulting from the Israeli decision to change the nature and the environmental conditions of the occupied and Jordan territories, and to submit the contents of this study, as a separate report, to the Governing Council at its eleventh session.

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Resolution V

Resolutions and recommendations of the Intergovernmental Regional

Meeting on the Environment in Latin America and the Caribbean

The Governing Council

Meeting in a session of a special character.

Considering that the countries of the Latin America region, on the invitation of the Government of Mexico and with the support of the United Nations Environment Programme, held an intergovernmental Regional Meeting on the Environment in Latin America and the Caribbean from 8 to 12 March 1982 in preparation for the session of a special character and the tenth session of the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme.

Considering further that the purpose of the Governments of the Latin American and Caribbean region assembled at the above-mentioned Meeting was to formualte the plocy principles that should guide the development of environmental activities in the region that the purpose of the Meeting was also to review the major achievements in the implementation of the Stockholm Action Plan for the Human Environment, an that it was the intention of the participants to draw up resolutions and recommendations with respect to the major environmental trends to be addressed by the United Nations Environment Programme over the forthcoming ten years.

Takes note of the resolutions and recommendations of the intergovenmental Regional Meeting on the Environment in Latin America and the Caribbean, contained in annex V to the final report of the Meeting, b/

Requests the Executive Director to transmit the resolutions of the Meeting to the Governing Council at its tenth session for its consideration.

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Annex

RESOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE INTER-GOVERNMENTAL REGIONAL MEETING ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN (MEXICO CITY, 8-12 MARCH 9182)

1. Resolution on environmental training in Latin America an the Caribbean

The Meeting

Considering that, in accordance with the Stockholm Declaration, a healthy environment is the right of all, and that it is therefore the responsibility of Governments to adopt Joint measures for programming environmental training and educational activities.

Recalling decisions 7/10, 8/14 and 9/20 of the Governing Council of UNEP, which stress the need to establish a Network of Environmental Training Institutions in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Bearing in mind also the conclusions of the meeting of the interagency Environmental Training Working Group and of the meeting of the Group of Advisors for the Network held in Caracas in July 1981 and in Brasilia 19-25 January 1982.

Emphasizing the importance of the work being done by the Network Co-ordination Unite, of the ongoing collaboration lent by the International Centre for Traning and Education I the Environmental Science (CIFCA) in the functioning of the Co-ordination Unite and the Implementation of Networking activities, and of the collaboration of CEPAL/CLADES in the gathering and ordering of information on environmental training institutions in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Recognizes the importance of the activities carried out by the co-ordination Unit of the Regional Office for Latin America during the preparatory stage.

Aware of the need to ensure the effective and expeditious functioning of the Network of Environmental Training Institutions.

The Meeting

1. Reaffirms its unwavering support for the establishment and consolidation of the Environmental Training Network as a priority need of our countries, and requests the Governing Council of UNEP to consider its operation a permanent programme for environmental training in Latin America and the Caribbean and a pilot programme for possible general application;

2. Therefore requests UNEP to reinforce the Co-ordination Unit so as to enable it to carry out its tasks during this initial stage of organization of activities of the Network. It also recommends that the Governing Council of UNEP requests the Executive Director to utilize and reinforce the support channels and advisory offered by other agencies involved in environmental training activities, particularly UNESCO. In that context, it stresses the work being done by such agencies in the interagency Working Group.

3. Requests UNEP to convoke a meeting in 1982 of the Group of Advisors for the Network, to be open to the entire region, for the purpose of subsequently submitting to the Governments the definitive structure andoperation of the Network, in accordance with the resolutions of the next UNEP Governing Council;

4. Requests the support of the Governments of Latin America and Caribbean in obtaining from UNEP and other international agencies the funds required for the continuation of the Network during its initial stages;

5. Requests the Governing Council to continue lending the necessary support tot he International Centre for Training on Environmental Sciences (CIFCA), and to adopt measures to ensure the continued of the Centre’s activities beyond 31 December 1982.

6. Requests the continued support of CEPAL/CLADES, both to conclude the Inventory of Institutions and Activities, and through the Co-ordination Unit, to make the information required by the Institutions available on permanent basis.

7. Requests the Regional Office to continue the prorammed activities, in accordance with the provisionally defined priorities for the 1982 activities of the Network and the implementation methodlogy presented for that initial period;

8. Urges the Governments of Latin America and the Caribbean to organize national agencies for implementation of the programme, both through the designation of focal points and through the establishment of mechanisms of co-ordination among the various national bodies that might make a contribution to the tasks of environmental training at a regional level;

9. Requests the institutions to provide logistic support for carrying out the activities of the Network, and requests the International financial agencies to give the necessary priority to the project of environmental traning presented by the Network;

10. Request of the Co-ordination Unite of ROLA and the institution that comprise the Network the establishment of a Fund to cover fellowships and the exchange in strengthening regional training activities.

2. Recommendation relative to Regional Programmes on Environment

and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

The Meeting.

Reaffirming the importance of the community of Latin America and Caribbean countries to take steps for the protection and improvement of the environment and, specifically, their need for continued international collaboration to this end;

Recalling the resolutions of the General Assembly 35/74, 5 December 1980, and 36/189 of December 1981, concerning the convocation of a period of sessions of special character of the Governing Council of UNEP, open to all states to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the United Nations Conference on Human Environment, held in Stockholm in June 1972.

Considers that the session of special character will include among the main items on its agenda: (a) an examination of the main achievements in the implementation of the Stockholm Plan of Action for Human Environment; and (b) outlook, action and international co-operation for the future in the sphere of environment and the main environmental trends that should be dealt with under the United Nations Environment Programme during the next ten years;

Realizing that this meeting has been convened by the Government of the United Mexican States, with the support of UNEP to attain the following general objective: to formulate the principles of a policy that will shape present and future development of environmental activities in Latin America and the Caribbean;

Recalling decision 9/21 entiled “Regional Programme and Programme support by the Governing Council of UNEP, in which the Executive Director is requested to support initiatives and activities of the subregional programme for environment in the 1982-1983 beinnium, to strengthen the capacity of regional offices of the United Nations Environment Programme to formulate and carry out programmes;

Having examined the contents of the document “Regional Programmes of the Environment and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean” (UNEP/IG.33/4 and Add.1). In which basic points are presented as well as proposals to strengthen regional co-operation on environmental matters;

Requests the Governing Council to authorize the Executive Director to convene a Government-Nominated Experts Meeting to elaborate a strategy for regional co-operation programmes on environmental matters and the priorities for implementing them, taking into account existing subregional programme as well as priorities indicated by national reports;

Also recommends that the regional and subregional approach are the most appropriate for confronting environmental problems of Latin America and the Caribbean due to the common ecological, cultural and Socio-economic framework, as they would allow for the solution of similar or shared problems with multiplied potency;

Reaffirms their support to the existing subregional environmental action plans such as the Caribbean Environment Programme and South-East Pacific;

Further recommends that the aims for future intra-regional co-operation on environmental affairs include the strengthening of existing mechanism for integration and the approval of specific agreements on co-operation in the environmental field;

Recommends that UNEP develop guideline for regional environmental programmes in consultations with the Governments of the region.

Requests the Governing Council of UNEP to authorize the Executive Director of the Programme to take necessary steps to make the Regional office of UNEP for Latin America and the Caribbean the organism in charge of co-ordinating the programme to be established;

Recommends the Governing Council of UNEP to ask the Executive Director of the Programme to present a report concerning the existing financial, institutional and legal arrangements which may be used for environmental regional programmes in Latin America and the Caribbean;

3. Resolution on institutional aspects and environment

The Meeting

Recalling decision 9/21, which requests the Executive Director of UNEP to strengthen the capacity of regional offices of the United Nations Environment Programme to formulate and implement programmes”.

Recognizing the work accomplished to date by the UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, and the support given by the UNEP/CEPAL Unite for Development and the Environment, and by other agencies and organizations present in the region;

Recommends to the Governments of Latin America and the Caribbean that they periodically convoke an Intergovernmental Regional Meeting on the Environment in Latin America and the Caribbean in order to establish policies and a strategy for the region in this field;

Requests the Executive Director of UNEP to lend the support of the Permanent Secretarial for these Intergovernmental Regional Meetings, through the Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean:

Recommends to the Governments of Latin America and the Caribbean that they study the possibility of holding Government-Nominated Experts Meeting sufficiently in advance of the Intergovernmental Regional Meetings of permit them to review the technical aspects of Regional Environmental Programmes;

Recommends to the members of the Governing Council of UNEP to study the possibility of convoking, as 1982, the Government Council to meetings every two years in order to attend the needs and requirements of the region in relation to geographic distance, financial situation and the various matters affecting the international community that require the attention of the states;

Recommends to the members of the Governing Council of UNEP to study the possiblility of convoking, as of 1982, the Governing Council to meetings every two years in order to attend the needs and requirements of the region in relation to geographic distance, financial situations and the various matters affecting the international community that require the attention of the states;

Decides that under the heading of regional presence, the Governing Council of UNEP be requested to authorize the Executive Director to strengthen the regional office in Latin America and the Caribbean by providing it with financial resources and personnel indispensable for full compliance with the functions required under the terms of this resolution and enabling it to serve as an effective instrument for the co-ordination of efforts at co-operation in the region.

Resolution IV

Credentials or representatives to the session of a special character of the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme

The Governing Council.

Approves the report of the Credentials Committee.

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