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PROGRAMME 9: PEACE, SECURITY AND THE ENVIRONMENT

166. The Assistant Executive Director introduced this programme by drawing attention to the increased international interest in the concept of environmental security; he noted that it had nothing to do with disarmament.

167. One representative, while noting the commendable work being undertaken by the Peace Research Institute in Oslo (PRIO), said that it now needed redirection. It was especially important to develop the concept of environmental security and to elaborate a set of criteria to determine when a situation or activity became a threat to security. Noting that the programme linked the concept of environmental security to Earthwatch, he argued that as UREP had no mandate to make political assessments, it was necessary to establish a new decision-making body which might bring such issues before the United Nations Security Council. He said that the proposed new centre for environmental emergency assistance might be linked to this body and ended by predicting that this subject would be discussed by the General Assembly at its forty-fourth session, as well as at the 1992 United Nations conference on environment and development.