Optional exercise (based on UN Habitat. 2002. Herramientas para una gestión
urbana participativa. Colección deManuales. Ediciones SUR).
Constructing a stakeholder map for IEA
Objective: Develop a shared understanding of who the main stakeholders are,
what is their relationship with key environmental issues and their relative
Materials: White index cards (three times the number of participants)
Sets of index cards of different colours.
1. Ask participants to write the name of relevant stakeholders on a white
card (as many as they consider important for the process). Stick them on a
2. When there are no more suggestions, identify the main interest of the
suggested stakeholders related to the key issues of the IEA process.
3. Group the cards according to the perceived common interests of the
stakeholders. Each group of interest is replaced by a coloured card. Each
stakeholder name is transferred to the coloured card along with that
person’s main interests.
4. The coloured cards are arranged in a star shaped pattern, with each
coloured card forming one ray of the star. The stakeholders are arranged
according to its importance to the key environmental issue that is the
centre of the star. The most important stakeholders are close to the centre.