IEA Training Manual - Module 5

6.6.1 Identifying gaps in the policy mix / interlinkages

Policy gaps can take many forms, such as:

  • Relevant policy not in place.
  • A policy type with significant potential for positive impact is under-represented.
  • Policies not focused on relevant drivers or pressures.

The identification of these types of gaps can be facilitated by using a policy mix matrix such as the one illustrated in Table 12. One of the challenges facing sustainable development is that a proactive policy strategy requires that policy-makers take account of an optimal mix of policy instruments that can be brought to bear on the key issues, considering the type of issue and policy implementation context. 8 A policy mix matrix can reveal which policy types (e.g., economic instruments, regulatory, direct expenditure, institutional) might be under-represented.

Table 12: Example policy mix matrix

  Driving Force Pressure State Impact
Description of DPSI        

8 Gale R., S. Barg and A. Gilles. (1995). Making budgets green: Leading practices in taxation and subsidy reform. International Institute for Sustainable Development, p. 1.

See Exercise


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Module 5 - Integrated analysis of environmental trends and policies
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