6th Conference of Parties Meeting for the Nairobi Convention ;
Conference of Plenipotentiaries for the Nairobi Convention
29th March - 1st April 2010, Nairobi, Kenya
Theme: SUSTAINING PROGRESS
The need for a legal instrument for
the protection of marine and coastal environment of
the Western Indian Ocean Region from land based sources
and activities was envisaged by Contracting Parties
in decision CP2/1 of the Second Conference of Parties
(COP2) which was held in Port Louis, Mauritius in 1999.
As per decision CP2/1 an ad hoc Legal
and Technical Review Working Group was authorized to
review the Nairobi Convention and its protocols; and
to explore the development of a protocol on land based
sources and activities (LBSA protocol).
The proposal for the development of
the LBSA protocol was endorsed by Contracting Parties
in decision CP3/6 of the Third Conference of Parties
(COP3) which was held in Maputo, Mozambique in 2001.
Subsequently, during the Fourth Conference
of Parties (COP4) which was held in Antananarivo, Madagascar
in 2004, Contracting Parties in decision CP4/7 authorized
the review and updating of the Nairobi Convention text
and the development of a new protocol on land based
sources and activities.
During the COP4 meeting the WIO-Lab
Project entitled Addressing Land-based Activities in
the Western Indian Ocean (referred to as "WIO-LaB) was
The Regional Legal and Technical Review
Task force began the revision of the Nairobi Convention
text and the development of the draft LBSA protocol
in 2005. At the inception meeting of the regional task
force that was held in Antananarivo, Madagascar, the
outline of the draft LBSA protocol was presented and
the process of development of the protocol outlined.
With the facilitation of the WIO-LaB
project the Amended Nairobi Convention text and three
successive drafts of the LBSA protocol were developed
through a participatory consultative process with national
legal and technical experts, national focal points to
the Nairobi Convention, UNEP and sister organizations.
Subsequently, the documents were further
discussed during the second and third meetings of the
Regional Legal and Technical Task Force in Diani Kenya
in March 2006 and in Dar es Salaam Tanzania in February
The drafts prepared were presented
to the Fifth Conference of Parties (COP5) in South Africa
in November 2007, at which decision CP5/4 noted the
revised Nairobi Convention text and the third draft
LBSA protocol, and requested the Secretariat to organize
negotiations to finalise the texts of the two proposed
instruments and to convene a Conference of Plenipotentiaries
to adopt the same by December 2009.
The Secretariat for the Nairobi Convention
organised the first formal Legal and Technical Review
Meeting on the revised Nairobi Convention text and the
third draft LBSA protocol in Cape Town South Africa
in November 2008. Subsequently, with further inputs
from the member countries a fourth draft of the LBSA
protocol was prepared and negotiated by legal and technical
experts, in Mombasa Kenya in June 2009 and endorsed
by national focal points to the Nairobi Convention in
Mombasa, Kenya in December 2009. The Focal Points proposed
that the two instruments be adopted during the upcoming
Conference of Plenipotentiaries.
Pre- Conference Meetings
Prior to the COP6 meetings two regional meetings were organised back to back with COP6. These included:
- The First Conference of National Integrated
Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Committees in the Western
Indian Ocean which will discuss progress in development
of Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plans in the
Western Indian Ocean region, on 24 to 25 March 2010
in Mombasa, Kenya; and
- The Regional Steering Committee meeting for the
GEF UNEP-UNDP Project Preparation Grant (PPG) phase
for the project entitled Implementing Integrated Water
Resource and Wastewater Management in the Atlantic
and Indian Ocean Small Island Developing States which
will discuss the outputs of the PPG process, on 26
March 2010 in Nairobi, Kenya.
During the COP6 meeting sessions, the WIO Regional
Stocktaking Meeting was held on 29 March 2010
in Nairobi, Kenya. The workshop considered progress
made in the implementation of all the GEF projects
under the International Waters portfolio in the Western
Indian Ocean region.
The Sixth Conference of Parties meetings was organized
in two segments:
- The experts’ meeting on 29 and 30
March 2010, which deliberated on the texts for
the Amended Nairobi Convention; the LBSA Protocol;
the SAP; and the Revised Action Strategy for the Nairobi
Convention. The main outputs from the experts’
sessions were recommendations to the Sixth Conference
of Parties and Conference of Plenipotentiaries.
- Heads of delegations session on 31 March to 1 April
2010 which served as the Conference of Plenipotentiaries.
The main outputs of the meeting of plenipotentiaries
was the adoption of the two instruments namely;
the Amended Nairobi Convention; and the LBSA Protocol.
The Heads of delegations will subsequently endorse
the Strategic Action Programme (SAP).
A parallel NGO/Stakeholders’ Forum was held
on 30 March 2010 to deliberate on the implementation
of the Strategic Action Programme.
The Nairobi Convention Secretariat launched two documents namely:
- The State of Coast Report (SOC) for Kenya 2008 and
- Strategic Action Programme for the Protection of
the Marine and Coastal Environment in the Western
Indian Ocean from Land- Based Sources and Activities.
Ministers responsible for the environment and other
government delegates represented all the
10 states that are Contracting Parties to the Nairobi
Convention. International and regional experts, representatives
of regional, national and local non-governmental organizations
and members of the civil society were also in attendance.
The Nairobi Convention Secretariat expected the
Sixth Conference of Parties (COP6) to lay the foundation
for the development of a common vision from the lessons
learnt from on-going GEF projects and through experts.
With this new vision and approach, there was anticipation of increased
visibility and efficiency in the implementation of the