Addressing SLCPs from Agriculture

Agriculture (and related land use practices) is a major source of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCP) emissions, responsible for more than 10 per cent of all greenhouse gas emissions globally. The agriculture and forestry sectors are responsible for roughly 50% of methane and 35% of black carbon emissions globally. At the same time, it is projected that agriculture production will be heavily impacted by climate change; and we are already facing agricultural productivity losses as black carbon alters regional rainfall patterns, and black carbon and tropospheric ozone reduce plant productivity. Aggressive action to reduce these pollutants across all sectors could avoid nearly 0.5˚C warming, 2 million premature deaths annually, and 30 million tons of crop losses annually by 2050. 

The CCAC Agriculture Initiative is the first action oriented global effort to address both methane and black carbon emissions from key agricultural sectors. It aims to share and implement best practices for minimizing emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) from agriculture in a manner that is consistent with broader climate change objectives and that also enhances food security and livelihoods. SLCPs from agriculture include methane and black carbon emissions.

With support from environment, agriculture and development stakeholders, the CCAC Agriculture Initiative will catalyze actions to reduce emissions of methane and black carbon while maintaining or increasing productivity, resilience, and producer livelihoods.

The CCAC agriculture initiative has four ‘components’, or workstreams. These are (1) livestock & manure management; (2) open agricultural burning; (3) paddy rice cultivation; and (4) enteric fermentation. Cross-cutting outreach and communications are also under development.

Latest Results

Paddy Rice Component

The Paddy Rice Component, approved in April 2014 with $777,000 in funding, is currently focusing on promoting adoption of the alternating wetting and drying (AWD) in combination with other resource efficient practices to reduce methane emissions, increase resource efficiency, promote livelihoods, and improve reliability of rice yields in Bangladesh, Colombia, and Vietnam.

A planning meeting to shape Phase I of the Paddy Rice Production Component of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC) Agriculture Initiative was held 24-25 October in Bangkok, Thailand. 

The two-day meeting convened government officials, rice researchers, policymakers, CCAC partners, and other experts to discuss the strategy for addressing the CCAC's and Agriculture Initiative's objectives for scale and impact, with a focus on activities and strategies for Phase I over the next 18 months. The meeting also helped to harmonize activities in the three target countries and establish close links with other relevant activities. A major outcome of the meeting was the initial drafting of an implementation plan for project coordination, including prioritized actions in three target countries Bangladesh, Colombia, and Vietnam, and to build networks among and generate feedback from key stakeholders, implementers, and experts. Over the next few weeks, the lead implementers will work with each country to finalize their implementation plan for phase I, which will include the development of a national roundtable to implement AWD and an assessment of opportunities for practice change.

Livestock & Manure Management (LMM) Component

On January 22-24, 2014, a meeting of the CCAC Livestock and Manure Management Component of the CCAC Agriculture Initiative was held at the FAO headquarters in Rome. The meeting was hosted by FAO and co-organized by Wageningen UR Livestock Research (WUR); the United States; Canada; the Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE); Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI); and the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). Administrative support and procedural guidance was provided by the CCAC Secretariat. The meeting convened the CCAC Livestock and Manure Management component implementing team and Advisory Board for the first time and also received input from representatives from nine countries - Bangladesh, Mexico, Ethiopia, Vietnam, Thailand, Kenya, Ghana, Brazil, Argentina, Costa Rica - as well as other livestock and development experts.

Lead Partners

Initiative Partners and Actors

CATIE, the Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Research Program (CCAFS) and other groups under the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (GRA), Global Methane Initiative, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), ICIMOD, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Livestock & Poultry Environmental Learning Center (LPELC), Michigan Technological University, University of Vermont, Molina Center, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), UNEP (through the Sustainable Rice Platform), and Wageningen University.