The Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) has undertaken research on the atmospheric issues of air quality and climate change since its inception in 1989. It is an international institute focusing on bridging science and policy in the field of environment and development. It has its headquarters in Stockholm and centres in the UK, US, Thailand, Tanzania and Estonia.
SEI has focused on the co-benefits of addressing atmospheric problems in a combined and comprehensive way, rather than treating them as separate problems, in activities related to the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum, which SEI founded with IUAPPA in 2004. In 2008 a Forum meeting on the co-benefits of addressing climate change and air quality was organized by SEI and IUAPPA, and the issue of short-lived climate pollutants came to the fore, and UNEP subsequently asked SEI to coordinate the development of, and help co-write, the Integrated Assessment of Black Carbon and Tropospheric Ozone. It subsequently also coordinated and helped to write the UNEP report ‘Near-Term Climate Protection and Clean Air Benefits: Actions for Controlling Short-Lived Climate Forcers’. These reports, and the Science paper to which SEI contributed (Shindell et al., 2011), helped to provide the scientific basis for the development of the CCAC.
SEI helped the Swedish Ministry of Environment and the Bangladesh Ministry of Environment and Forests organize an SLCP Conference in Bangladesh in 2011, where countries that were to form the core group of the CCAC had a chance to meet. SEI joined CCAC early in 2012 and has been involved in the development of a number of Initiatives and also there is an SEI member of the Science Advisory Panel (SAP). Initiatives where SEI has been involved includes the National Planning for Action on SLCPs, where SEI is an implementing partner and is using its knowledge of national planning, scenario development and benefit estimation to help countries develop their SLCP planning. This includes the development of an SLCP toolkit to estimate emissions (based upon the SEI LEAP model and an air pollution emission inventory manual and workbook that have been used extensively in developing countries over many years) and with US EPA, the work to estimate the benefits of emissions reductions is being developed as part of the toolkit.
SEI also organized three regional workshops to promote the issue of SLCPs in Latin America and the Caribbean, in Africa and Asia in collaboration with CCAC in 2012 and 2013, as part of a project part funded by the US State Department and through the CCAC NAP Initiative. SEI has also been helping to develop the Science Initiative of the Coalition, and is engaged in the development of other Initiatives such as awareness raising, brick kilns, and cookstoves.
SEI has expertise over a number of decades in the implementation of improved cookstoves in Africa and S Asia – focusing on the importance of user needs. SEI also has extensive experience in assessing the impacts of tropospheric ozone on crops, other vegetation and services provided by terrestrial ecosystems. SEI has worked with UNEP since 1997 to develop the Malé Declaration on the Control and Prevention of Air Pollution in S Asia and its likely transboundary effects – providing technical advice on emission inventories, integrated assessment and impact assessment. Similar work was carried out in southern Africa and SEI helped to promote the regional air pollution issues in Latin America and Africa in a series of workshops under the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum, platforms which are being used now to develop regional activities under the CCAC.