During 2010, UNEP, in coordination with Grupo GEA (Peru), have been conducting a study on the possible effects on human health and the environment in Latin America and the Caribbean of the trade of products containing lead, cadmium and mercury.
This study, which is being possible thanks to the generous financial support of the Nordic Council of Ministers, fills some of the data and information gaps identified in the draft reviews of scientific information on lead and cadmium and for mercury information gaps identified elsewhere, in line with UNEP Governing Council decision 25/5 II. Lead and Cadmium. This decision requested the Executive Director to finalize the scientific review taking into account the latest available information in line with decisions 24/3 of 9 February 2007 and 23/9 of 25 February 2005 and to report to the Governing Council at its twenty-sixth session with a view to informing discussions on the need for global action in relation to lead and cadmium.
In connection with the data and information gap identified in the reviews of In particular, it addresses the global flow of lead, cadmium and mercury in products by analyzing the trade, use and disposal of products containing lead, cadmium and mercury in Latin America and the Caribbean in order to assess how this trade can lead to adverse human and environmental effects. A range of products were assessed to identify products forming the main hazards to health and environment. The study collected, compiled and analysed data on trade of products to Latin America and the Caribbean based on available databases and sources (UN Comtrade). The study also includes case studies describing concrete examples of how some products containing lead, cadmium and mercury can have adverse effects on the human health and the environment in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as examples of sound management of products containing these toxic metals.
The results of the study are going to be presented during a Latin America and the Caribbean regional meeting to be hosted in Lima, Peru (30 November - 2 December 2010).