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Reports, Publications

For updated information on the current activities of the Global Mercury Partnership, please see our Partnership Advisory Group meeting information page.

Global Mercury Assessment 2013

Sources, emissions, releases, and environmental transport

This report presents sources of mercury emissions to air and water. It presents estimates of anthropogenic emissions to air from various sources based on data from 2010 and estimates for releases to aquatic environment. The report also presents the latest information on atmospheric and aquatic chemistry , fate and transport. It is an overall summary report for the policy makers based on a technical background report. 

Mercury Acting Now!

The UNEP Global Mercury Partnership is acting now on the substantive areas of the Minamata Convention on Mercury. This brochure illustrates key issues and how they are being addressed by partners of the UNEP Global Mercury Partnership.

Technical Background Report for the Global Mercury Assessment 2013

This is a joint UNEP and AMAP* report that presents the latest and comprehensive information of global mercury emissions and releases to the environment, information on atmospheric and aquatic chemistry and fate and transport of mercury. The report is a fully referenced scientific background report for the Global Mercury Assessment 2013; Sources, Emissions, Releases, and Environmental Transport.

*Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme, a working group under the Arctic Council

Mercury: Time to Act

This report speaks directly to governments involved in development of the global treaty on mercury. It presents updates from the UNEP Global Mercury Assessment 2013 in short and punchy facts and figures backed by compelling graphics that provide governments and civil society with the rationale and the imperative to act on this notorious pollutant.

"The paragraph 29 study." A study on various mercury-emitting sources

The focused sectors in the study were coal combustion, cement manufacturing, non-ferrous metal production and waste incineration. The study summarizes and evaluates efficiencies and costs of potential measures to reduce mercury emissions to air from the mentioned sectors. It also presents a global atmospheric mercury emissions inventory and update and evaluation of trends in global mercury atmospheric emissions (1990-2005). 

Partnership Newsletter no 2

UNEP Global Partnership Newsletter, No2, June 2010

This is the second newsletter issued on the Global Mercury Partnership. It is an abstract of the presentations presented at the Technical Briefing Session on the 6th  of June 2010 for the INC1, in Stockholm.

UNEP Global Mercury Partnership Newsletter, No1, October 2009

This is the first newsletter issued on the Global Mercury Partnership. It highlights outcomes of the first meeting of the Partnership Advisory Group. It presents objectives and activities of the partnership areas: coal combustion, artisanal and small scale mining, mercury in products, mercury waste management, air transport and research, as well as mercury supply and storage.

Overarching Framework

Overarching Framework UNEP Global Mercury Partnership, 2009

Overarching Framework UNEP Global Mercury Partnership, 2009 The Overarching Framework guides the work of the UNEP Global Mercury Partnership. It has been developed under the auspices of the Executive Director in consultation with Governments and other stakeholders. The document was forwarded to the Governing Council at its twenty-fifth session where progress made by the Partnership was welcomed and the continued involvement of UNEP in the Partnership was endorsed. Interested stakeholders are encouraged to join the partnership following the process outlined in Annex 1, Section 2. Participation.

Excess Mercury Supply in Asia, 2010-2050

Assessment of Excess Mercury Supply in Asia, 2010-2050

According to the scenarios assessed in the report, mercury supply and demand in Asia are projected to reach a rough equilibrium beginning about 2014-2015. After 2017 the urgency of an Asian mercury storage capability is likely to depend on the rate of demand reduction. Substantial excess mercury can be expected in Asia after 2030. The quantity of excess mercury, mostly accumulated between 2030 and 2050, would likely amount to just over 5,500 tonnes. According to an alternative policy scenario, in which regional authorities may decide to move forward the storage of excess mercury, the quantity of mercury accumulated may be as high as 7,500 tonnes.

Assessment of Excess of Mercury Supply in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 2010-2050

This study attempts to understand the dynamic flux between mercury supply and demand in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region. Current and future regional supply of mercury includes the continued mining of mercury, the occasional decommissioning of chlor-alkali facilities, the recovery of mercury from used products and wastes, mercury by-product from other mining operations and natural gas production, and the increasing use of mercury-free alternatives to mercury products. This is compared with the regional demand, of which the vast majority is in mercury-containing products and the chlor-alkali industry, in order to estimate the quantity of excess mercury which may need to be stored in the region. The purpose is to inform regional authorities and encourage early planning to adequately manage the imminent supply of excess mercury.

Excess of Mercury Supply LAC, 2010-2050

Assessment of Excess of Mercury Supply in Latin America and the Caribbean, 2010-2050

The future principal sources of mercury in the Latin American and Caribbean region were identified as that recovered as a by-product of mining operations, and recovered from the closure/conversion of mercury cell chlor-alkali plants. A base case scenario suggests that mercury supply may exceed demand as easily as 2015 with total excess easily arising between 2015 and 2050 possibly amounting to over 8,000 tonnes. According to an alternative minimum storage scenario, in which it is assumed that some by-product mercury continues to be exported, and it is assumed there is a generally slower increase in the generation of by-product mercury, the quantity of mercury accumulated may be closer to 2,000-3,000 tonnes.

Global Atmospheric Mercury Assessment: Sources, Emissions and Transport, December 2008

This document presents best available data on atmospheric mercury emissions from various sources, atmospheric transport and deposition and current results from modelling on a global scale. It is an overall summary for policy makers.

Technical Background Report to the Global Atmospheric Mercury Assessment, 2008

This report provides the technical basis for the statements made in the summary report: "The Global Atmospheric Mercury Assessment: Sources, Emissions and Transport, 2008" and is as such the single reference for that report.
The technical background report describes the methods used for calculating the global mercury emissions, and is a fully referenced report according to scientific practice.

Mercury Fate and Transport in the Global Atmosphere: Measurements, Models and Policy Implications Report, 2008

A report from the Mercury Air Transport and Fate Research partnership area to contribute to the UNEP Global Mercury Atmospheric Assessment (2008) and focused on sources of atmospheric mercury emissions, spatial coverage and temporal trends of mercury measurements, and understanding atmospheric mercury dynamic processes on hemispheric and global scales.


Summary of Supply, Trade and Demand Information on Mercury, 2006

The report is based on information provided by governments and other stakeholders, as well as publicly available comprehensive trade statistics for mercury.


Global Mercury Assessment Report, 2002