United Nations Environment Programme environment for development
Publications
Publications
Manual for the Refrigeration and Air-conditioning Technicians and Engineers: Post phase-out period of CFCs and beginning of phase-out of HCFCs Manual for the Refrigeration and Air-conditioning Technicians and Engineers: Post phase-out period of CFCs and beginning of phase-out of HCFCs

The manual provides new approaches to prevent emissions of CFCs during the operation and servicing of equipment and catalogues steps to recycle the CFCs and retrofit the equipment. Developing countries, called Article 5 countries under the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer are also embarking on the second stage i.e. phasing-out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), the last remaining refrigerant that is ozone depleting. The manual also contains the guidelines for the prudent use of HCFCs and emission preventing actions. These help countries slow down the growth of HCFCs and ease phase-out efforts. CFCs and HCFCs are powerful greenhouse gases. Over the past few years the environmental and technical issues surrounding the use of refrigerants have evolved at a remarkable speed. Indeed, the variety and types of ozone and climate-friendly refrigerants currently available are significantly different from those commonly used a few years ago, as is the way in which they may be applied. Using the procedures outlined in the manual would help protect the ozone layer as well as provide other environmental benefits, including some that would help in the fight against climate change.

Tunza Vol. 8.2: Hazards and Disasters Tunza Vol. 8.2: Hazards and Disasters

UNEP's magazine for youth.

UNEP Six Priority Areas Factsheets UNEP Six Priority Areas Factsheets

Factsheets in this series: Climate change, Resource efficiency, Disasters and conflicts, Environmental governance, Harmful substances and hazardous waste, Ecosystem management

Sustainable Innovation and
Technology Transfer
Industrial Sector Studies: RECYCLING – FROM
E-WASTE TO RESOURCES Sustainable Innovation and Technology Transfer Industrial Sector Studies: RECYCLING – FROM E-WASTE TO RESOURCES

The appropriate handling of electronic waste (e-waste) can both prevent serious environmental damage but also recover valuable materials, especially different types of metals such as aluminium, copper, palladium and gold. This publication focuses on the signifi cance and possibilities of getting resources back out of e-waste trough a sustainable technology transfer in the fi eld of recycling. It provides an analysis of the transfer potential of relevant technologies in the recycling sector in selected developing countries. Hazardous elements present in e-waste are duly considered, and their proper handling and treatment is addressed to prevent environmental or health impacts.

Common Carbon Metric for Measuring Energy Use and Reporting Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Building Operations Common Carbon Metric for Measuring Energy Use and Reporting Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Building Operations

Leading experts from around the world have, through extensive international cooperation, developed a universal method of measuring a building's carbon footprint. Supported by the United Nations Environment Program, this new 'Common Carbon Metric' will allow emissions from buildings around the world to be consistently assessed and compared, and improvements measured.

Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings in South Africa Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings in South Africa

This report accompanies the Buildings and Climate Change- Summary for Decision Makers. UNEP-SBCI has commissioned the compilation of regional reports that quantify the influence of buildings on climate change in selected regions. This South African report has been undertaken in collaboration with the Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB).

UNEP Year Book 2010 UNEP Year Book 2010

The UNEP Yearbook 2010 is essential, informative and authoritative reading and within six chapters the Year Book addresses the following: In 2009, efforts to advance international environmental governance focussed on defining key objectives and functions for an improved UN architecture to address global environmental change. Ecosystems are being pushed beyond thresholds. Drivers of change that lead to biodiversity loss and changes in ecosystem services are growing in intensity. Dead zones in coastal areas have doubled in extent every decade since the 1960's. Much work remains to be done to reduce and mitigate the effects of harmful substances and hazardous waste on human health and the environment. Many unanswered questions remain about nanomaterials. The effects of increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations are better understood, as more indicators of climate change are being assessed. Direct observations and modelling indicate that the planet's tropical belt is expanding. Sustainable natural resource management can reduce vulnerability to disasters and conflicts and support peacebuilding. Promising tools to reduce disaster conflict risks are being integrated into policy and institutional structures. Better managing material and energy flows will help meet challenges associated with environmental impacts and advance decoupling of economic growth and resource use.

Black Carbon e-Bulletin. Black Carbon e-Bulletin.

Environment Programme's flagship Environment magazine

Environment in print 2009 Environment in print 2009

The UNEP 2009 catalogue lists some 20 recent tittles. Many are available online on the www.unep.org/publications website and hard copies can be ordered through UNEP's on-line bookstore: www.earthprint.com

Towards Sustainable Production and Use of Resources - Assessing Biofuels Towards Sustainable Production and Use of Resources - Assessing Biofuels

The assessment report on biofuels, prepared by the Resource Panel for Sustainable Resource Management, is a flagship publication of the Panel, the first assessment report to come out. It aims at improving the analytical basis for decision making towards sustainable production and use of biomass for energy purposes ("biofuels"), at the international, regional and national level. It focuses on different aspects and options for more efficient and sustainable use of biomass in the overall resource context. The analysis accounts for the environmental effects of so-called "modern" biofuels while considering economic aspects and social concerns, especially with regard to relevant side-effects and potential synergies. The executive summary is dedicated to policy makers and explains in a simple and action-oriented manner the results of the main report. The flyer will report these results to a broader audience.

UNEP Year Book 2009 UNEP Year Book 2009

The UNEP Year Book 2009 presents work in progress on scientific understanding of global environmental change, as well as foresight about possible issues on the horizon. The aim is to raise awareness of the interlinkages among environmental issues that can accelerate the rates of change and threaten human wellbeing.


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