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Persistent Organic Pollutants

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The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from chemicals that remain intact for long periods, become widely distributed geographically and accumulate in the tissue of humans and wildlife.  Exposure to POPs can lead to serious health effects.  The Stockholm Convention, which entered into force in 2004, requires Parties to take measures to eliminate or reduce the release of POPs into the environment.

Prior to the Stockholm Convention, UNEP’s Chemicals Branch undertook extensive activities on POPs. These activities continue, both in support of the Convention and as a part of UNEP’s mandated work programme. Major areas of programmatic work include polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDF), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), POPs analysis capacity and the database on operational POPs laboratories, and information on POPs and alternatives.

Further Scientific Resources from various scholars:

H. Fiedler (2007):
Global POPs Inventories
Organohalogen Compd. 69, 1 6
http://www.dioxin20xx.org/pdfs/2007/07-PL1.pdf

H. Fiedler, A. Mangwiro, A. Hovemann, M. Moudachirou, F. Ahilihan, and C.S. Morakpai (2007)
Concentrations of Unintentional POPs in Soils and Ashes from Benin, Africa
Organohalogen Compd. 69, 311 314
http://www.dioxin20xx.org/pdfs/2007/07-504.pdf

H. Fiedler (2007)
UNEP POPs Laboratory Databank
Organohalogen Compd. 69, 974 977
http://www.dioxin20xx.org/pdfs/2007/07-702.pdf

J. de Boer, H. Leslie, S.P. van Leeuwen, J.W. Wegener, B. van Bavel, G. Lindström, and H. Fiedler (2007):
Results of Intercomparison Studies and training as Part of the UNEP Capacity Building Pilot Project for POPs Analysis under the Stockholm Convention
Organohalogen Compd. 69, 970 973
http://www.dioxin20xx.org/pdfs/2007/07-568.pdf

B. van Bavel, G. Lindström J. de Boer, and H. Fiedler (2007)
Feasibility Training and Performance in Interlaboratory Comparison Studies within UNEP’s Assessment and Capacity Building Program for the Stockholm Convention on POPs in Developing Countries
Organohalogen Compd. 69, 1285 1288
http://www.dioxin20xx.org/pdfs/2007/07-1002.pdf

Heidelore Fiedler, Tom Harner, Roland Kallenborn, Michael S. McLachlan, Yasuyuki Shibata, Frank Wania, Peter Weiss, and Minghui Zhang (2008):
Global Monitoring of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Air – First Observations and Future Challenges
Organohalogen Compd. 70, 1395-1398
http://www.dioxin20xx.org/pdfs/2008/08-868.pdf

J. de Boer, H. Leslie, S.P.J. van Leeuwen, J.-W. Wegener, B. van Bavel, G. Lindström, N. Lahoutifard, H. Fiedler (2008)
United Nations Environment Programme Capacity Building Pilot Project—Training and interlaboratory study on persistent organic pollutant analysis under the Stockholm Convention.
Analytical Chimica Acta 617, 208-215
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2008.01.081