The diversity of the partnerships in the field of environmental governance is notable for its great scope. UNEP works with partners, both governmental and non-governmental, and national and international. UNEP serves the Governments of United Nations Member States, who are in turn essential partners of UNEP in delivering its services at all levels. Other implementing partners for this subprogramme will include at the global level, for promoting policy coherence, United Nations bodies, funds, programmes, and specialized agencies; United Nations system coordination bodies such as the Chief Executives Board, the Environment Management Group, the United Nations Development Group and the Global Environment Facility; international financial institutions such as the World Bank; multilateral environmental agreements and their conferences of parties, subsidiary bodies and secretariats; and other intergovernmental organizations.
At the regional level, implementing partners will include United Nations regional economic commissions; regional development banks; regional seas conventions and other regional environmental agreements, in particular those for which UNEP provides the secretariats; regional intergovernmental organizations and related entities such as the African Union, the New Partnership for Africa’s Development Secretariat, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, the Inter-State Sustainable Development Commission, the Tripartite Environmental Ministers Meeting, the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, the European Commission, the Council of Europe, the European Centre for Nature Conservation, the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe, the League of Arab States and the Gulf Cooperation Council, the Organization of American States, the Central American Integration System, the MERCOSUR, the Caribbean Common Market CARICOM, the OECS Organization of East Caribbean States and the Andean Community. At the national level, implementation partners will include, in addition to Governments, United Nations country teams; UNDP and other United Nations organizations and academic and research institutions in developing countries and countries with economies in transition.
For enhancing the capacity of States to implement their environmental obligations, implementing partners will include Governments and their institutional components, including the judiciary, parliamentarians and their international associations (such as the Inter-Parliamentary Union), enforcement officials and relevant international organizations, (such as the World Customs Organization and the International Criminal Police Organization), local authorities, relevant United Nations bodies, agencies that support or complement the work of UNEP in this area such as UNDP, FAO, the United Nations Institute for Training and Research and the United Nations University, the World Bank and regional development banks, secretariats of global and regional multilateral environmental agreements such as the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, other expert entities such as international networks on compliance and enforcement, expert and academic institutions, foundations, intergovernmental expert bodies such as Asian-African Legal Consultative Group and international entities that promote south-south technical cooperation.
Regarding the work of UNEP in science and the facilitation of informed decision-making, implementing partners will include, in addition to Governments, United Nations organizations, groups of environmental scientists (individual scientists), earth observation and environmental data expert communities involved in global earth observing systems and processes (the Global Terrestrial Observing System, the Global Climate Observing System, the Global Ocean Observing System and the Global Earth Observation System), UNEP collaborating centres of excellence (the UNEP Risoe Centre, the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, UCC Water and UNEP GRID–Arendal), research institutes in developing countries and countries with economies in transition (e.g., Centro Latino Americano de Ecologia Social, the Island Resources Foundation and the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment), academic and research institutions in developing countries and countries with economies in transition (including GEO collaborating centres), civil society groups and non-governmental organizations and international and regional organizations.
In all its activities UNEP seeks to work in partnership with major groups, organizations and stakeholders such as farmers’ organizations, women’s organizations, the scientific and technological communities, children and youth organizations, indigenous peoples and their communities, workers and trade unions, business and industry, non-governmental organizations and local authorities. It will also work with media for outreach, public communications and public awareness raising campaigns.