Lighting from electricity accounts for approximately 15 to 19 per cent of global energy consumption and over five per cent of worldwide greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Unless policies are implemented immediately to address this issue, overall energy consumption for lighting will have grown by 60 to 70 per cent by 2030 with dramatic consequences for climate change. The phase-out of inefficient incandescent lamps provides one of the easiest and most cost-effective ways to reduce carbon emissions.
In Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan (Central Asian or CA countries) the genetic diversity of fruit species is threatened due to overgrazing, deforestation, logging and industrialization in the wild, and use of uniform high-yield varieties, chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and increased mechanization in home gardens and on small farms. The result is loss of traditional diversity-based farming systems, arable lands degradation, pollution, genetic erosion, and loss of biodiversity.
Accessible, Affordable and reliable energy resource is a driver for socio economic development. However, Africa continues to face challenges related to its energy sector mainly due to lack of access to modern energy services (rural areas), poor infrastructure, low purchasing, low investment and overdependence biomass to meet basic energy needs.
Since the 2007 Bali Action Plan began to lay the foundations for international climate adaptation finance, finding effective mechanisms to channel funding to adaptation programmes in developing countries has emerged as a significant global challenge. Since 2009 the Adaptation Fund, one of such mechanisms, has provided direct access adaptation finance for developing countries that are signatories to the Kyoto Protocol. Direct Access however remains a major challenge especially in the Asia-Pacific region as many countries lack the requisite institutional and financial management capacity to access finance.
The imperative for adaptation in Bangladesh is devastatingly apparent. Already the country is highly vulnerable to extreme climatic events, which are expected to become more severe as a result of climate change. Frequent floods, cyclones and tropical storms disastrously impact the lives and livelihoods of communities in extremely fragile and low lying coastal zones, whilst droughts blight the population of the arid and semi-arid north western region. Within the next 50 years, over 20 million people could be displaced and become ‘climate change refugees’, if sea and salinity levels continue to rise in Bangladesh.
Over US$400 million in electricity costs would be saved with efficient lighting in Central America
Based on the potential energy savings, a group of refrigeration servicing technicians in Saint Kitts and Nevis undertook the direct replacement of HCFC and HFC based A/C equipment with alternative flammable refrigerants, emitting HCFC’s to the atmosphere and lacking specific training on safe handling of flammable refrigerants.
In Africa, the carbon market is still far from meeting its potential - constituting only 4% of the about 9,100 all Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), single or programmatic projects, the main regulated carbon finance market.
Energy efficiency—getting more from energy resources through improved technologies and practices
Seeds Capital Assistance Facility (SCAF II) Mobilizing early stage investment in low carbon project development
Feed-in tariffs as a policy instrument for promoting renewable energies in developing countries
South East Asia Network of Climate Change Offices
The Nile system is one of Africa’s most important ecosystems, since it hosts 40% of Africa’s population (about 238 million people).