COUNTRY: Madagascar
SUBTITLE: Promoting Climate Resilience In The Rice Sector Through Pilot Investments In Alaotra-mangoro Region
FUND: Adaptation Fund
EXECUTING AGENCY: Ministry of Environment and Forests in partnership with Ministry of Agriculture and Farming
STATUS: Approved
SECTOR: Agriculture



This Project is managed by UNEP and financed through the Adaptation Fund. The objective of the project is to promote resilience in the rice sector through pilot investments in the Alaotra-Mangoro Region..

This project seeks to demonstrate an integrated approach that addresses the vulnerability of the rice sector to climate variability and projected climate change in Alaotra-Mangoro region, as the potential basis for upscaling resilient agricultural and rural growth. This will be achieved through an increase in rice productivity, using resilient inputs, maximizing the efficiency of resource use, and ensuring an appropriate management of natural resources so that ecosystem services and productivity can resist climate changes and shocks.

Project Objective

The overall objective will be achieved through three components:

  • Scientific and Technical Capacity ;
  • “seed to store” rice sector transformation; and
  • Leveraging policy change


The overall objective of the project is to demonstrate pathways towards the transformation of the rice sub-sector to make it more resilient to current climate variability as well as expected climate change and associated hazard, through implementation of pilot investments in the Alaotra-Mangoro region that have the potential for being upscaled at national level. This overall objective will be achieved namely by pursuing the following secondary objectives:

  • Strengthening the scientific and technical capacities of Malagasy authorities to understand, analyse and manage climate risks to the rice sub-sector, as well as to determine further adaptation options for the sector. This will be achieved at regional level, working with central and decentralized government and technical services.
  • Implementing and disseminating a series of concrete changes to the rice production practices, from input to harvest management, including measures designed to restore and maintain ecological services around rice ecosystems. This will be achieved through the demonstration of adaptation activities at local level in the Alaotra-Mangoro region.
  • Identifying and addressing the key policy barriers, gaps or maladaptations in order to create the conditions for upscaling adaptation in the rice subsector. This objective is targeted towards the identification of upscaling mechanisms at regional and national level and activities will be deployed with regional and national partners.


Component 1: Scientific and Technical Capacity.

Although this project is based on current knowledge and scientific research, some targeted additional elements of investigations are necessary for a well calibrated transformation of the rice sector towards resilience. For example, although common knowledge indicates that rice yields would overall suffer a decrease under climate change, some research points to potential opportunities for rice under specific management conditions. As a first step, the project will support the selection of a limited number of optimal integrated rice cultivation models, or systems, in relation to emerging climate conditions and appropriate to the targeted region. The following activities will be undertaken:

  • Best Available Technologies and Integrated Resilient Rice Model (Modèle Intégré de Riziculture Résiliente - MIRR) selected and publicized
  • Four crop models and one hydrological model available for rice vulnerability mapping
  • Updated, dynamic agricultural calendars and climate early warnings taking into account current and projected variability disseminated to local population
  • Agricultural extension staff trained on climate risk management in an agro-ecosystem context

Component 2: “seed to store” rice sector transformation.

This Component, which comprises the bulk of the project, is comprised of 3 sub-components targeted to each step of the production cycle. Based on the outputs of Component 1 (MIRR), and on existing scientific and technical knowledge, this component aims to put in practice a set of changes to the rice cultivation cycle. Activities undertaken will include:

  • Climate resilient rice varieties selected through participatory field testing
  • An operational multiplication and dissemination scheme for adapted seed varieties
  • Updated fertilization guidelines according to best available standards and taking climate conditions into consideration
  • Integrated pest management is implemented through training and extension
  • Water efficiency, management and conservation technologies and infrastructures are implemented through training and extension and infrastructure rehabilitation and construction
  • Best available land preparation, production and harvesting techniques disseminated to reduce deforestation, maintain soil fertility and integrity, and to provide adequate growing conditions
  • Watershed rehabilitation in productive landscapes introduced, including through reforestation and adaptation of agro-forestry practices
  • Soil conservation and livestock management techniques adapted to topography and landscape in light of future climate conditions
  • Revitalization of producer’s cooperatives and water user associations for collaborative natural resources allocations (e.g. land and water) and management
  • Water quality assessments

Component 3: Leveraging policy change

The project will support the creation of mechanisms to capture lessons learned and to ensure that technical successes achieved in promoting resilience are replicable at the regional and national level. Taking into consideration the breadth and scope of changes to be implemented to the rice cultivation cycle in this project, and the site-specific nature of potential results, the project will adopt a two-tiered replication and upscaling strategy.

  • Gaps and possible maladaptations in the current rice policy are identified and recommendations on rice policy reform are made
  • A report on best practices and lessons learned for rice adaptation in Madagascar


Project Documentation

Project/Programme Proposal: Madagascar

Assessments and Background Documents

Brochures, Communication Material