COUNTRY: Tanzania
SUBTITLE: Implementation Of Concrete Adaptation Measures To Reduce Vulnerability Of Livelihoods And Economy Of Coastal Communities Of Tanzania

FUND: Adaptation Fund
EXECUTING AGENCY: Vice Presidents Office/Division of Environment
STATUS: Approved
SECTOR: Coastal



This Project is managed by UNEP and financed through the Adaptation Fund. The objective of the project is to reduce vulnerability of ecosystems, infrastructure and economy in Tanzania through implementation of concrete and urgent adaptation measures.

This project responds to the impacts of sea level rise and changes in precipitation patterns caused by climate change and their direct and indirect effects, such as droughts, floods, infrastructure degradation and environmental degradation.

Project Objective

The overall objective will be achieved through three components:

  • Addressing climate change impacts on key infrastructure and settlements ;
  • Ecosystem-Based Integrated Coastal Area Management ; and
  • Knowledge, coastal monitoring and policy linkages


The project focuses on the implementation of priority concrete on the ground, practical solutions to climate impacts (current and anticipated), but some foundational activities have been included where necessary in order to facilitate project output and objective achievement, replication and sustainability. It addresses climate stressors to coastal resources (sea level rise, modifications in the precipitation regime). The project proposes an integrated blend of hard and soft coastal protection measures, in line with best international practices on coastal zone management, as well as measures designed to provide local communities with incentives to maintain the rehabilitated ecosystems:

The overall objective will be achieved through three components:

  • Addressing climate change impacts on key infrastructure and settlements.
  • Ecosystem-Based Integrated Coastal Area Management.
  • Knowledge, coastal monitoring and policy linkages.


Component 1: Addressing climate change impacts on key infrastructure and settlements.

This outcome is focused on climate change threats and combined local impacts of increased flooding due to increased precipitation and coastal and infrastructure erosion due to increased tidal activity and storm surges. Activities in Component 1 are grouped together due to their common focus on physical ("hard") coastal protection and infrastructure, and because the impact of activities is expected to be felt immediately, and in the immediate vicinity of actions.

Outcome: The adverse impacts of Sea Level Rise and floods on coastal infrastructure and settlements are reduced through the following activities:

  • Rehabilitate coastal protection facilities to protect settlements economic and cultural infrastructure
  • Cleaning up of the drainage channels, rehabilitation of storm drains

Component 2: Ecosystem-based Integrated Coastal Area Management

This component comprises a set of concrete environmental rehabilitation measures designed to enhance ecological resilience and the efficiency of infrastructure rehabilitation works. It is to be implemented as a complement to activities in Component 1, in order to form a comprehensive package of protection from climate change impacts in coastal regions.

Outcome: Coastal ecosystems are rehabilitated and ICAM is implemented though the following activities:

  • Coastal ecosystem rehabilitation for climate resilience through the implementation of a Green Jobs program

Component 3: Knowledge, coastal monitoring and policy linkages

This project is intended to serve as a strong example of ‘stage 2’ adaptation implementation in the country and in the region. In this regard, the project will first build on existing and available knowledge, scientific evidence and technical studies in order to ensure the implementation of state-of-the-art technologies and approaches to adaptation. This component builds on what currently exists in the country, as well as on approaches and methods that will be implemented through this project, so as to generate policy-relevant knowledge.

Outcome: Knowledge of climate impacts and adaptation is increased (through the following activities):

  • Stocktaking
  • Coastal monitoring and assessment
  • Policy linkages


Project Documentation

Project/Programme Proposal: Tanzania

Assessments and Background Documents

Brochures, Communication Material