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Disaster Risk Reduction Methodologies

  • Integrated Risk Assessment (IRA): Integrated risk assessment was developed under the International  Program for International Chemical Safety (IPCS), jointly chaired by WHO, ILO and UNEP DEWA. The objective of an IRA to address real situations of multi-chemical, multimedia, multi-route ,and multi-species exposure.
  • Risk assessment for industrial accident (APELL): The APELL programme is a local process on hazard communication and coordination, consisting of a modular, flexible methodological tool to prepare for accidents and failing this, to minimize their impacts. Missions conducted in the framework of APELL aim to address the risk exposure of local communities to events such as industrial accidents, accidents due to transport of dangerous goods, tropical cyclones, flowing, wildfires, volcanic eruption, earthquakes, landslides and tsunamis.