Legal, regulatory and institutional aspects of REDD
Legal, regulatory and institutional aspects of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (REDD)
This project seeks to develop a set of regulatory and legal documents in three countries (Cambodia, Democratic Republic of Congo-DRC and Vietnam) to Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD). Drawing from this experience and to enhance capacity of a larger group of countries, this project further provides for the development of guidelines aimed at legal drafters in developing countries on crafting REDD legislation and regulatory frameworks. In order to achieve this outcome, a phased approach will be employed. In Phase I, the objectives of the study will be to carry out a stock taking of the legislative framework around multiple benefits and ecosystem services in each country addressing the following sets of questions;
- What environmental safeguards exist in national policy to safeguard multiple benefits from forests, including rights of access and tenure?
- How are institutions set up to realise these?
- Are there gaps with respect to international obligations that the countries have signed up to, e.g. under the MEAs?
- How do they compare with ‘best practice’ in policies to safeguard environmental benefits?
- Describe the legal and institutional framework that currently shapes investments in forests and forest based ecosystem services?
- How is this supported or constrained by legal and policy frameworks for other, competing sectors?
- Identify the key legal provisions and institutions that need to be reviewed so as to effectively implement the broad principles relating to REDD.
Phase 2 of the study will then bring together the knowledge generated in the three countries to produce guidelines for a legal and institutional framework to implement REDD+. “REDD+” goes beyond strategies targeting deforestation and forest degradation, and includes the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks. DELC maintains a focus on enhancing and integrating multiple benefits into REDD+ strategy development.