Eastern Africa is well known for its rich and diverse biological resources and for its variety of habitats which range from high montane forests and afroalpine ecosystems to dense tropical lowland forests, plains and savannas, freshwater and soda lakes, coastal forests and mangroves. Eastern Africa is also home to the world’s population of 320 Mountain Gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) and to other critically endangered primates in Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda (Moyini & Uwimbabazi, 2000, Mbora & Weizckowski 2001, Butynski 2001). The sub-region’s grassland savanna parks have large populations of antelope, buffalo, and other ungulates, as well as elephant, rhino, hippos, crocodiles, and large cats. The coral reefs along Eastern Africa’s coasts are among the most spectacular in the world, and the sub-region’s freshwater lakes have remarkable levels of species richness and endemism.
Mountain gorilla feeding, East Zaire.