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Preface Annex 1
REGIONAL SCENARIO NARRATIVES
COASTAL AND MARINE ENVIRONMENTS
Coastal and marine environments are important to the overall development of Africa in general and to some countries in particular. Chapter 5: Coastal and Marine Environments considers the opportunities and challenges these resources offer for development. The condition of coastal and marine resources is an indicator of overall environmental health. As the interface between the land and the ocean, it will always be prone to interferences from man and nature, the sources of the main driving forces and pressures affecting the coastal environment. Coastal and marine resources have a marked potential for tourism, biodiversity conservation, energy generation through tidal waves, oil and gas. These resources are threatened by coastal erosion, sea-level rise, destruction of coral reefs with the accompanying loss of coastal and marine biodiversity, solid waste management, pollution, salt intrusion in low-lying areas, and uncontrolled urbanization. The scenarios presented here look at the interplay between various drivers and how they influence the state of coastal and marine resources and the storylines offer options for policy packages that address these issues and threats in the region.