Millennium EcoSystem Assessment

"Human well-being and progress toward sustainable development are dependent on sound management of ecosystems to ensure their conservation and sustainable use. While demands for ecosystem services such as food and clean water are growing, human actions are at the same time diminishing the capacity of many ecosystems to meet these demands. Improved policy and management interventions can often reverse ecosystem degradation and enhance the contributions of ecosystems to human well-being, but knowing when and how to intervene requires substantial understanding of both the ecological and the social systems involved. Better information cannot guarantee improved decisions, but is a prerequisite for sound decision-making.

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) was a four-year international work program that brought together scientists and policy-makers from international organizations, national governments, the private sector and civil society around the world to provide an integrated assessment of the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being, and the options available to enhance the conservation of ecosystems and their contributions to human needs. The findings of the MA were released in 2005. For more information on the MA, and to obtain copies of the MA reports, please visit:"