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Africa Environment Outlook


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AEO-2 Report

AEO-2 progress report

The theme of the Africa Environment Outlook 2 - Our Environment, Our Wealth is Environment for Development. This is inspired by two landmark documents of the United Nations (UN) - the Brundtland Commision's report. Our Common Future, and Agenda 21 - and Africa's own vision of renaissance. In 1987, the Brundtland commission advised that:

 

"The downward spiral of poverty and environmental degradation is a waste of opprtunities and of resources. What is needed now is a new era of economic growth that is forceful and at the same time socially and environmentally sustainable" (WCED 1987).


Echoing this approach the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), in its environmental programme of action, Agenda 21 reaffirmed the links between environment and development, drawing attention to the fundamental connection between environmental goods-and-services and human well-being:


"Integration of environment and development concerns and greater attention to them will lead to the fulfilment of basic needs, improved living standards for all, better protected and managed ecosystems and a safer, more prosperous future” (UN 1992).


Building on this vision, Africa Environment Outlook 2 – Our Environment, Our Wealth (AEO-2) profiles Africa’s environmental resources as an asset for the region’s development. The assessment highlights the opportunities presented by the natural resource base to support development and the objectives of the African Union (AU) and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). The report reaffirms the need
for sustainable livelihoods, and the importance of environmental initiatives in supporting them. The emphasis is put on what should and can be done with existing (remaining) environmental assets, in the context of identified constraints (issues), rather than focusing on what has been (already) lost.

The following are particularly illustrated:

  • Adding value to the resource that still exists (or remains);
  • Using natural resources efficiently (and sustainably) to derive maximum benefit;
  • Mitigating the constraints and negative effects;
  • Maximizing the total value of Africa’s natural assets;
  • Making a case for safeguarding and improving the remaining assets;
  • Converting the current environmental challenges into opportunities for development.

 

  [Full Report in HTML]
 
  REPORT IN PDFs
 
[En]
[Fr]
  PRELIMS
 
       
  SECTION 1 - ENVIRONMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT
   
  Executive Summary
  Chapter 1 – The Human Dimension
 
       
  SECTION 2 - ENVIRONMENTAL STATE-AND-TRENDS: 20-YEAR
                     RETROSPECTIVE
   
  Chapter 2 - Atmosphere
 
  Chapter 3 - Land
 
  Chapter 4 - Freshwater
 
  Chapter 5 - Coastal and Marine Environments
 
  Chapter 6 - Forests and Woodlands
 
  Chapter 7 - Biodiversity
 
  Chapter 8 - Interlinkages: The Environment and Policy Web
 
       
  SECTION 3 - EMERGING CHALLENGES
   
  Chapter 9 - Genetically Modified Crops
 
  Chapter 10 - Invasive Alien Species
 
  Chapter 11 – Chemicals
 
  Chapter 12 - Environment for Peace and Regional Cooperation
 
       
  SECTION 4 - OUTLOOK
   
  Chapter 13 – The Future Today
 
       
  SECTION 5 - POLICY OPPORTUNITIES
   
  Chapter 14 - Back to Our Common Future: A Renaissance for the Environment
 
       
  ANNEXES