Regions and network

UNEPGEFUniversity of Kalmar
Subregion 36: East China Sea

Focal Point Co-ordinators
Mr. Huming Yu
Coastal Management Center, CRC
E2603-D, Tektite Towers Exchange Road
Ortigas Center, Pasig City 1605
Metro Manila
Mr Huming Yu
Mr. Teng Seng-Keh
Coastal Management Center, CRC
E2603-D, Tektite Towers Exchange Road
Ortigas Center, Pasig City 1605
Metro Manila
Mr Teng Seng-Keh
Mr. Roger Juliano
Coastal Management Center, CRC
E2603-D, Tektite Towers Exchange Road
Ortigas Center, Pasig City 1605
Metro Manila

  • Scaling and Scoping report PDF-file 2.8 Mb Word file 4.2Mb [2001-10-28]
  • Major intergovernmental agreements and actors
  • Action programmes, strategies, and research
  • State of the regional environment
  • GEF Projects in the region
  • Other actors and initiatives
  • GIWA Subregional Task Team

  • Major intergovernmental agreements and actors

    North Pacific Marine Science Organization, PICES
    PICES is an intergovernmental scientific organization. It was established in 1992 and its present members are Canada, People's Republic of China, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, and the United States of America. The purposes of PICES are to promote and coordinate marine research in the northern North Pacific and adjacent seas especially northward of 30 degrees North; to advance scientific knowledge about the ocean environment, global weather and climate change, living resources and their ecosystems, and the impacts of human activities; and to promote the collection and rapid exchange of scientific information on these issues.

    UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, ESCAP
    Within the Water Resources Programme under its Environment and Natural Resources Development Division, the UN ESCAP organizes seminars and workshops on various issues relating to water resources, including: Water resources assessment; Integrated water resources development and management; Protection of water resources, water quality and aquatic ecosystems; River basin development and management; Promotion of infrastructure development and investment for drinking water supply and sanitation; Water pricing and promotion of private investment in the water sector; Water demand management, water saving and economic use of water; and Mitigation of water-related natural disasters, particularly flood loss reduction.

    UNEP Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, ROAP
    Working closely with the Division of Regional Co-operation and Representation in UNEP's Nairobi-based headquarters, the Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP) looks to adopt global environmental policy to regional priorities and needs. It acts as a catalyst, co-ordinator, facilitater and mobilizer of resources. It puts particular emphasis on building partnerships with regional and sub-regional intergovernmental fora, other UN agencies, national governments, NGOs, the private sector, academic and research institutions, and civil society, and the media. See also here.

    Financial institutions

    Asian Development Bank, ADB
    The Asian Development Bank, a multilateral development finance institution, was founded in 1966 by 31 member governments to promote the social and economic progress of the Asia-Pacific region. It now has 58 member countries - 42 from within the region and 16 non-regional. ADB gives special attention to the needs of the smaller or less-developed countries, and to regional, subregional, and national projects and programs. Promoting sustainable development and environmental protection is a key strategic development objective of the Bank. (See also about environment.) To fulfill this objective, the Bank (i) reviews the environmental impacts of its projects, programs, and policies; (ii) encourages DMC governments and executing agencies to incorporate environmental protection measures in their project design and implementation procedures, and provides technical assistance for this purpose; (iii) promotes projects and programs that will protect, rehabilitate, and enhance the environment and the quality of life; and (iv) trains Bank and DMC staff in, and provides documentation on, environmental aspects of economic development. The Asian Development Fund (ADF) is the concessional lending window of the Bank.


    Action programmes, strategies and research

    Northwest Pacific Action Plan, NOWPAP
    China, Japan, Russia and Korea share a common sea. This shared resource also requires co-operative management. UNEP through its regional seas programme is assisting the four nations in developing pollution control and disaster response in the shared ocean environment. The goal of NOWPAP is the wise use, development and management of the coastal and marine environment so as to obtain the utmost long-term benefits for the human populations of the region, while protecting human health, ecological integrity and the region's sustainability for future generations.
    As the core center for initiating the cooperation among the countries and regions involved for the environmental protection in the Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea, the Northwest Pacific Region Environmental Cooperation Center (NPEC) was established in 1997. It became a public service corporation under the Jpanese Environment Agency in 1998 and was also designated to be one of the Regional Activity Centers of Northwest Pacific Action Plan in 1999. NPEC functions as Special Monitoring and Coastal Environmental Assessment Center for NOWPAP. See also below - Nautilus.

    Partnership in Environmental Management for for the Seas of East Asia, PEMSEA
    A GEF project, focusing on "building partnerships within and among governments of the region, as well as across public and private sectors of the economy. The goal is to reduce or remove barriers to effective environmental management, including inadequate or inappropriate policies, disparate institutional and technical capabilities and limited investment in environmental facilities and services". PEMSEA is "based on two management frameworks developed and tested in an earlier GEF Project: Integrated coastal management, addressing land-water interactions and the impacts of human activity in coastal areas; and risk assessment/risk management, applying to subregional sea areas and the impacts of human activities on marine ecosystems." PEMSEA web resources include Virtual ICM; a Legal Information Database Reference Catalogue; and a Directory of Research and Management Institutions in Southeast Asia. and a database of Good Practices. See also the PEMSEA Updates, a free online newsletter.

    UNEP Regional Seas Programme
    The Regional Seas Programme was initiated in 1974 as a global programme implemented through regional components. The Regional Seas Programme is UNEP's main framework in the field of the coastal and marine environment. It includes 14 regions and three partner seas, involves more than 140 coastal states, and focuses on sustainable development of coastal and marine areas. Each regional action plan is formulated according to the needs and priorities of the region as perceived by the Governments concerned. Regional conventions are in place for several areas. See a map of all regional seas, and go to more information on the Black Sea, Wider Caribbean, Mediterranean, East Asian Seas, South Asian Seas, Eastern Africa, Kuwait Region, North West Pacific, Red Sea And Gulf of Aden, South East Pacific, North East Pacific, South Pacific, Upper South West Atlantic, and West and Central Africa. The UNEP Regional Seas web site also contains information on What's at stake, Major threats, and Actions.


    State of the regional environment

    GEO 2000 State of the Environment: Asia and the Pacific

    Global Enviroment Outlook 2000. GEO is:

    • a global environmental assessment process, the GEO Process, that is cross-sectoral and participatory. It incorporates regional views and perceptions, and builds consensus on priority issues and actions through dialogue among policy-makers and scientists at regional and global levels.
    • GEO outputs, in printed and electronic formats, including the GEO Report series. This series makes periodic reviews of the state of the world's environment, and provides guidance for decision-making processes such as the formulation of environmental policies, action planning and resource allocation. Other outputs include technical reports, a web site and a publication for young people.

    GEF Projects in the region

    Projects under implementation

    UNDP - GEF - International waters:
    Building Partnerships for the Environmental Protection and Management of the East Asian Seas
    The objective of the project is to assist the riparian countries of the East Asian Seas to collectively protect and manage their heavily stressed coastal and marine environments through intergovernmental and intersectoral partnerships. These countries include the Republic of Korea which for the first time is a GEF recipient. Building upon the methodologies, approaches, typologies, networks and lessons learned from the pilot phase, the project would enhance and complement national and international efforts by removing or lowering critical barriers regarding policy, investment, capacity, which are having negative effects on the management of the coastal/marine environment in the region. Together with several waterbody-based projects in the area, these projects constitute GEF's programmatic approach to these coastal and marine waters with globally significant ecosystems that are experiencing severe degradation.

    UNDP - GEF - International waters:
    Prevention and Management of Marine Pollution in the East Asian Seas

    Development of policies and plans to control marine pollution from land and sea- based sources, upgrading of national and regional infrastructures and technical skills, and establishment of financing instruments for project sustainability. Project will include selection of demonstration sites, establishment of regional monitoring and information network, and involvement of regional association of marine legal experts to improve capacity to implement relevant conventions.

    UNDP - GEF - Biodiversity:
    Wetland Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use, People's Republic of China
    The Biodiversity Conservation Action Plan, Agenda 21 and the draft National Wetland Conservation Action Plan provide the foundation for the conservation and better management of China's wetland resources. However, barriers to effective conservation of global wetland biodiversity remain. These include: i) a lack of integration of wetland management and biodiversity conservation into development planning; ii) no institutional mechanisms for multi-sectoral wetland management; iii) limited awareness of wetland values and functions at all levels; iv) lack of examples of sustainable development of wetland resources and involvement of local communities; and v) lack of technical capacity at national and local levels to manage and conserve wetlands and their biodiversity. The proposed project will remove these barriers at four demonstration project sites with high global biodiversity importance in four areas (Sanjiang Plain, Ruoergai Marshes, Yancheng Coast and Dongting Lakes). Each represents a different ecosystem and are, collectively, representative of China as a whole. A national coordination component will also ensure that lessons learned from this project will be appropriately transferred to other wetlands throughout the country. GEF support will be closely allied with new Government programmes that conserve biodiversity and ensure locally sustainable development.


    Other actors, initiatives and resources

    International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management, ICLARM
    An international research organization "devoted to improving the productivity, management and conservation of aquatic resources for the benefit of users and consumers in developing countries". ICLARM is one of the research centres of CGIAR, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research. ICLARM, in collaboration with the the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and other partners, and with support from the European Commission, has developed
    FishBase, a global information system on fishes for research scientists, fisheries managers, zoologists and many more. FishBase contains full information on 23,500 species. ICLARM has also developed similar systems on coral reefs and their resources (ReefBase) and management of fish stocks in Asia (TrawlBase).

    International Coral Reef Initiative, ICRI
    An environmental partnership that brings stakeholders together with the objective of sustainable use and conservation of coral reefs for future generations. ICRI is an informal mechanism that allows representatives of over 80 developing countries with coral reefs to sit in equal partnership with major donor countries and development banks, international environmental and development agencies, scientific associations, the private sector and NGOs to decide on the best strategies to conserve the world's coral reef resources.

    Coral Health and Monitoring Programme, NOOA
    The mission of the NOOA Coral Health and Monitoring Program is to provide services to help improve and sustain coral reef health throughout the world. Long term goals:Establish an international network of coral reef researchers for the purpose of sharing knowledge and information on coral health and monitoring.Provide near real-time data products derived from satellite images and monitoring stations at coral reef areas. Provide a data repository for historical data collected from coral reef areas. Add to the general fund of coral reef knowledge.See also Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network, GCRMN.

    Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainable Development
    A policy-oriented research and consulting organization. Nautilus promotes international cooperation for security and ecologically sustainable development. Programs embrace both global and regional issues, with a focus on the Asia-Pacific region. Nautilus produces reports, organizes seminars, and provides educational and training services for policymakers, media, researchers and community groups. A number of papers on marine environment, sustainable development and environmental cooperation in Northeast Asia can be found on the web site.

    The East China Sea - a Large Marine Ecosystem (LME)
    A Large Marine Ecosystem, LME, is a "region of ocean space encompassing coastal areas from river basins and estuaries to the seaward boundary of continental shelves and the seaward margins of coastal current systems. It is a relatively large region characterized by distinct bathymetry, hydrography, productivity, and trophically dependent populations." See also Rhode Island University map of LMEs.


    GIWA Subregional Task Team

    Name Address and contact Expertise
    Fan, Ande The 2nd Inst. Of Oceanography,
    9, Xi Qi He Xia Road,
    Hangzhou 310012.
    Tel: 0571-88076924-2464.
    Fax: 0571-88071539.
    Associate Research Fellow
    Marine environmental sciences, marine chemistry
    Fu, Jinlong Zhejiang Institute for Economic Construction Planning,
    195 Bao Shu Road,
    Hangzhou 310007.
    Tel: 0571-87055063.
    Mobile: 13003620353.
    Fax: 87996762
    Senior Economist
    Economic management
    Feng, Xuwen The 2nd Inst. Of Oceanography,
    9, Xi Qi He Xia Road,
    Hangzhou 310012.
    Tel: 0571-88076924-2518.
    Mobile: 13616811228.
    Fax: 88064174
    Senior Engineer
    Marine environmental chemistry
    Feng, Yingun Senior Engineer
    Geology and geomorphology
    The 2nd Inst. Of Oceanography,
    9, Xi Qi He Xia Road,
    Hangzhou 310012.
    Tel: 0571-88076924.
    Fax: 0571-88071539
    Jin, Mingming The 2nd Inst. Of Oceanography,
    9, Xi Qi He Xia Road,
    Hangzhou 310012.
    Tel: 0571-88076924-2345.
    Fax: 0571-88071539.
    Assistant Research Fellow
    Water chemistry
    Liu, Zilin The 2nd Inst. Of Oceanography,
    9, Xi Qi He Xia Road,
    Hangzhou 310012.
    Tel: 0571-88076924-2480.
    Senior Research Fellow
    Marine ecology
    Shi, Qingsong The 2nd Inst. Of Oceanography,
    9, Xi Qi He Xia Road,
    Hangzhou 310012.
    Tel: 0571-88076924-2468.
    Fax: 88071539.
    Marine environmental sciences
    Shi, Xiaolai The 2nd Inst. Of Oceanography,
    9, Xi Qi He Xia Road,
    Hangzhou 310012.
    Tel: 0571-88076924-2554.
    Mobile: 13616533173.
    Environmental sciences
    Teng, Xiangping Environmental Science Policy Research Institute,
    Zhejiang Provincial Academy of Environmental Sciences,
    111, Tien Mu Shan Road,
    Hangzhou 310007.
    Telefax: 0571-87051837.
    Senior engineer/Deputy Director
    Environmental sciences and management
    Wang, Kangshan The 2nd Inst. Of Oceanography,
    9, Xi Qi He Xia Road,
    Hangzhou 310012.
    Tel: 0571-88076924.
    Fax: 0571-88071539
    Senior Research Fellow/Director-General
    Physical oceanography
    Wang, Zhengfang The 2nd Inst. Of Oceanography,
    9, Xi Qi He Xia Road,
    Hangzhou 310012.
    Tel: 0571-88076924-2364.
    Fax: 0571-88071539.
    Senior Research Fellow
    Marine environmental sciences
    Yang, Tienzhu The 2nd Inst. Of Oceanography,
    9, Xi Qi He Xia Road,
    Hangzhou 310012.
    Tel: 0571-88076924-2516.
    Mobile: 13605805117.
    Fax: 0571-88838337.
    Senior Research Fellow
    Ocean engineering/ physical oceanography
    Yu, Huming China Inst. For Marine Affairs,
    1 Fuxingmenwai Ave.,
    Beijing 100860.
    Tel: 010-68047760.
    Fax:. 68030767.
    Ph.D., Deputy Director-General
    Coastal management, fisheries management
    Zheng, Rui Water Resources Department of Zhejiang Provincial Government,
    7 Mei Hua Bei,
    Hangzhou 310009.
    Tel: 0571-87826643.
    Fax: 0571-87809696
    Assistant Engineer
    Water resources
    Zhu, Jiali Ocean and Fisheries Bureau of Zhejiang Provincial Government,
    Building No.2,
    Zhejiang Provincial Government Compound,
    Hangzhou 310025.
    Tel: 0571-87056450.
    Mobile: 13646816290.
    Fax: 0571-87056460
    Division Chief
    Fisheries management
    Yu, Huming China, Institute for Marine Affairs (CIMA),
    1, Fuxingmenwai Ave,
    Beijing, 100860.
    Ph.D., CIMA Deputy Director General
    Coastal / fishery management, environmental impact assessment

    Global International Waters Assessment, GIWA
    SE- 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
    Phone: +46- 480 44 60 00. Fax: +46- 480 44 73 55.

    page last modified on 22 August 2006