Regions and network

UNEPGEFUniversity of Kalmar
Region 40B: Amazon

The Amazon Regional Report »

  • Major intergovernmental agreements and actors
  • Action programmes, strategies, and research
  • State of the regional environment
  • GEF Projects in the region
  • Other actors and initiatives

    Major intergovernmental agreements and actors

    Treaty for Amazonian Cooperation
    The Treaty, which concerns the Amazonian Basin, was adopted in 1978 and entered into force in 1980. The Contracting Parties agree to undertake joint actions and efforts to promote the harmonious development of their respective Amazonian territories in such a way that these joint actions produce equitable and mutually beneficial results and achieve also the preservation of the environment, and the conservation and rational utilization of the natural resources of these territories.

    Organisation of American States, OAS
    OAS Water Resources Programme: In conformity with the mandates of OAS member states, the Unit for Sustainable Development and Environment (USDE) is engaged in several projects on transboundary water resource management in partnership with UNEP, the World Bank, the Global Environment Facility (GEF), and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in major river basin of South and Central America. The Unit is the secretariat for the Inter-American Water Resources Network (IWRN) - see below - and serves on the Board of Governors of the World Water Council. USDE is also collaborating with the Pan American Health Organization to organize inter-American conference on the link between water and health.

    UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, ROLAC
    See for example
    Forum of Environmental Ministers for Latin America and the Caribbean (only in Spanish).

    UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, ECLAC
    The site of UN ECLAC comprises News; Publications; Main Studies; ECLAC Series; Research and Studies; Statistics; Projects; Library; Events; Work Programme; as well as ECLAC Headlines and Latest News.

    Financial institutions

    Inter-American Development Bank, IADB
    The Inter-American Development Bank, the oldest and largest regional multilateral development institution, was established in December of 1959 to help accelerate economic and social development in Latin America and the Caribbean.


    Action programmes, strategies and research


    An international research project (Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia and France) for the study of the Amazon basin hydrology and geochemistry.

    Andean Amazon Rivers Analysis and Management Project
    This is a regional research initiative to develop the scientific understanding necessary for the effective management of aquatic resources in the face of ongoing development and potential climate change.


    State of the regional environment

    GEO 2000 State of the Environment: Latin America and the Caribbean

    Global Enviroment Outlook 2000. GEO is:

    • a global environmental assessment process, the GEO Process, that is cross-sectoral and participatory. It incorporates regional views and perceptions, and builds consensus on priority issues and actions through dialogue among policy-makers and scientists at regional and global levels.
    • GEO outputs, in printed and electronic formats, including the GEO Report series. This series makes periodic reviews of the state of the world's environment, and provides guidance for decision-making processes such as the formulation of environmental policies, action planning and resource allocation. Other outputs include technical reports, a web site and a publication for young people.

    GEF Projects in the region

    Projects under implementation

    World Bank - GEF - Biodiversity:
    Indigenous Management of Protected Areas in the Amazon
    The development objective of the project is to increase indigenous peoples participation in benefits from biodiversity conservation in the Peruvian Amazon through communal management of protected areas. The global environmental objective is to conserve and sustainably manage globally important forest and freshwater ecosystems in the Peruvian Amazon through the establishment of protected areas to be co-managed by indigenous people. Project objectives will be achieved by: (a) establishing areas for communal reserves using participatory methods; (b) developing management plans and management agreements with the indigenous communities and federations; (c) building and strengthening institutional organizational and technical capacity to sustainably manage reserves; and (d) investing in pilot community development projects for sustainable use of biodiversity.

    Project concepts in the pipeline

    World Bank - GEF - International Waters/Biodiversity:
    The project will improve the management of natural resources through involvement of local groups and development of institutional and legal frameworks that support sustainable development of basin resources.

    World Bank - GEF - Biodiversity/International Waters:
    The project would support expansion and consolidation of strict protected areas in the Amazonian region.


    Other actors, initiatives and resources


  • Global International Waters Assessment, GIWA
    SE- 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
    Phone: +46- 480 44 60 00. Fax: +46- 480 44 73 55.

    page last modified on 22 August 2006