Regions and network

UNEPGEFUniversity of Kalmar
Region 43: Lake Chad

The Lake Chad Regional Report »

  • Major intergovernmental agreements and actors
  • Action programmes, strategies, and research
  • State of the regional environment
  • GEF Projects in the region
  • Other actors and initiatives

    Major intergovernmental agreements and actors

    Convention and Statutes relating to the Development of the Chad Basin
    The N'Djamena Convention (formerly Fort Lamy Convention) was adopted in 1964. Considering that since schemes drawn up by the respective Member States for the utilisation of the water in the Chad Basin were liable to affect the regime of the Basin and thereby its exploitation by the other member States, it was considered desirable to create a commission to prepare general regulations, to ensure their effective application, to co-ordinate the research activities, to study projects prepared by Member States, to recommend plans for the execution of surveys and works in the Chad Basin, and, in general, to maintain liaison between the States.

    Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC)
    Some information on the work of the is given on the site of the (French) International Office for Water. See also the Lake Chad Basin Commission 2000 Final Communique. The Presidents of Chad, Niger, and Nigeria, and high-level representatives of the Presidents of Cameroon and the Central Africa Republic met in July 2000 for the 10th summit meeting of the Lake Chad Basin Commission.

    Agreement Creating a Development Fund of the Chad Basin Commission
    Adopted in 1973.

    Agreement on the Joint Regulations on Fauna and Flora
    The Agreement, which was adopted and came into force in 1977, was concluded with the view of reaching the objectives of the N'Djamena Convention, and provides for the preparation of a list of protected species. The provisions also include rules to prevent the trade in illegally taken species and products ; a joint regulation will also provide for measures to forbid fire-arms, explosives, electrical appliances, poison, drugs and polluting material for fishing purposes. The Convention makes special reference to the prohibition of the construction of dykes, dams and other obstacles to fish migrations . The Convention also requires Member States to organize mechanisms for the collection, analysis and distribution of statistical information relating to fisheries. Member States are obliged to regulate the import and export of live fish, their eggs or other aquatic animals. They are also obliged to forbid the pollution of fishing waters by any substance or by untreated vegetable wastes .

    Organisation of African Unity, OAU
    The Organization of African Unity was established in 1963, and the Charter of the Organization was signed on that occasion by Heads of State and Government of 32 independent African States. Its purposes are to promote the unity and solidarity of the African States; defend the sovereignty of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism; promote international cooperation having due regard for the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; coordinate and harmonize Member States economic, diplomatic, educational, health, welfare, scientific and defense policies. Issues like Research, Planning, Statistics & Population; Trade, Finance, Customs & Tourism; Agriculture & Rural Development; Transport & Communications; Co-operation & Integration; Industry, Energy & Mineral Resources, fall under the organisation's Economic Cooperation and Development Department.

    UN Economic Commission for Africa, ECA
    On the UN ECA site of the one finds News from Around Africa; Meetings & Events on Africa; Archives of ECA Activities; IT for Development; Nexus Issues; Empowering Women; Policy Analysis; Statistical Activities;Development Management; Governance; Regional Integration; Library and Publications; Reports of Conferences; Subregional Offices; and Special Initiative on Africa.

    Financial institutions

    African Development Bank
    The ADB is the premier financial development institution of Africa, dedicated to combating poverty and improving the lives of people of the continent and engaged in the task of mobilising resources towards the economic and social progress of its Regional Member Countries. The bank's Environment and Sustainable Development Unit "is the focal point for addressing and integrating the cross-cutting themes of environment, population, gender, poverty reduction, NGO relations/local participation, and institutional development into the bank's operations." The bank's environmental guidelines include coastal and marine resource management, and fisheries. See also the bank's country environmental profiles for its members.


    Action programmes, strategies and research


    State of the regional environment

    GEO 2000 State of the Environment: Africa

    Global Enviroment Outlook 2000. GEO is:

    • a global environmental assessment process, the GEO Process, that is cross-sectoral and participatory. It incorporates regional views and perceptions, and builds consensus on priority issues and actions through dialogue among policy-makers and scientists at regional and global levels.
    • GEO outputs, in printed and electronic formats, including the GEO Report series. This series makes periodic reviews of the state of the world's environment, and provides guidance for decision-making processes such as the formulation of environmental policies, action planning and resource allocation. Other outputs include technical reports, a web site and a publication for young people.

    GEF Projects in the region



    Other actors, initiatives and resources

    African Water Page
    The main objective of the African Water Page, published by the Water Policy International, is "to increase communication on the Continent of Africa between people working in water. However, the level of connectivity to the Internet is very low. With other forms of communication being a difficulty, the Internet adds enormous potential to data accessibility for professionals, particularly those working in Government service. Not only is data more accessible, but with email, News Groups and the WWW communication between sector professionals can also be enhanced. There is a distinct sense of isolation of people working, sometimes against daunting odds, in countries all around Africa. As the African Water Page develops, one of the objectives is to encourage African professionals to become members of a closed forum for the sharing of information and support, and to promote frank discussion about some of the difficulties facing African professionals".


  • Global International Waters Assessment, GIWA
    SE- 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
    Phone: +46- 480 44 60 00. Fax: +46- 480 44 73 55.

    page last modified on 22 August 2006