Regions and network

UNEPGEFUniversity of Kalmar
Region 47: East African Rift Valley Lakes

The East African Rift Valley Lakes Regional Report »

Focal Point Co-ordinators
Prof. Eric Odada
Pan African Secretariat
University of Nairobi
Dep. Of Geology, Chiromo Campus
Riverside Drive
P O Box 30197
Tel: +254 2 447 740
Fax: +254 2 449 539
Prof. Eric Odada

  • Major intergovernmental agreements and actors
  • Action programmes, strategies, and research
  • State of the regional environment
  • GEF Projects in the region
  • Other actors and initiatives

    Major intergovernmental agreements and actors

    Convention for the Establishment of the Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization
    With the Convention, adopted in 1994, the Contracting Parties established the Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization. The objectives of the Organization is to foster cooperation among the Contracting Parties, to harmonize national measures for the sustainable utilization of the living resources of the Lake and to develop and adopt conservation and management measures.To this end, the Organization shall promote the proper management and optimum utilization of the fisheries and other resources of the Lake; and enhance capacity building of existing institutions and develop additional institutions dedicated to the purposes of the Convention

    Organisation of African Unity, OAU
    The Organization of African Unity was established in 1963, and the Charter of the Organization was signed on that occasion by Heads of State and Government of 32 independent African States. Its purposes are to promote the unity and solidarity of the African States; defend the sovereignty of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism; promote international cooperation having due regard for the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; coordinate and harmonize Member States economic, diplomatic, educational, health, welfare, scientific and defense policies. Issues like Research, Planning, Statistics & Population; Trade, Finance, Customs & Tourism; Agriculture & Rural Development; Transport & Communications; Co-operation & Integration; Industry, Energy & Mineral Resources, fall under the organisation's Economic Cooperation and Development Department.

    UN Economic Commission for Africa, ECA
    On the UN ECA site of the one finds News from Around Africa; Meetings & Events on Africa; Archives of ECA Activities; IT for Development; Nexus Issues; Empowering Women; Policy Analysis; Statistical Activities;Development Management; Governance; Regional Integration; Library and Publications; Reports of Conferences; Subregional Offices; and Special Initiative on Africa.

    Financial institutions

    African Development Bank
    The ADB is the premier financial development institution of Africa, dedicated to combating poverty and improving the lives of people of the continent and engaged in the task of mobilising resources towards the economic and social progress of its Regional Member Countries. The bank's Environment and Sustainable Development Unit "is the focal point for addressing and integrating the cross-cutting themes of environment, population, gender, poverty reduction, NGO relations/local participation, and institutional development into the bank's operations." The bank's environmental guidelines include coastal and marine resource management, and fisheries. See also the bank's country environmental profiles for its members.


    Action programmes, strategies and research


    State of the regional environment

    GEO 2000 State of the Environment: Africa

    Global Enviroment Outlook 2000. GEO is:

    • a global environmental assessment process, the GEO Process, that is cross-sectoral and participatory. It incorporates regional views and perceptions, and builds consensus on priority issues and actions through dialogue among policy-makers and scientists at regional and global levels.
    • GEO outputs, in printed and electronic formats, including the GEO Report series. This series makes periodic reviews of the state of the world's environment, and provides guidance for decision-making processes such as the formulation of environmental policies, action planning and resource allocation. Other outputs include technical reports, a web site and a publication for young people.

    GEF Projects in the region

    Projects under implementation

    UNDP - GEF - International waters:
    Pollution Control and Other Measures to Protect Biodiversity in Lake Tanganyika
    This 5-year project aims to improve understanding of the ecosystem function and effects of stresses on the lake system; to take action on all other measures necessary to maintain the health and biodiversity of the ecosystem; and to coordinate the efforts of the four countries to control pollution and to prevent the loss of the exceptional diversity of Lake Tanganyika. This will be done by establishing a regional framework for cooperation, including endeavors to harmonize legislation; investigating pollution including sources, effects and control; and investigating biodiversity and conservation measures leading to the setting up of protected areas as underwater parks. Activities will closely involve government environmental ministries and agencies, and sectoral departments; a major objective is to strengthen national capabilities and community participation. The project will be supported by international and local staff and contractors. NGOs will be involved particularly through community education and conservation, and the private sector through promotion of tourism and the control of industrial pollution. Provision will be made to continue the work of the project after its life by a regionally cooperating organization. See also the project web site!

    World Bank - GEF - International Waters:
    Lake Victoria Environmental Management
    The project will address the major threats facing the Lake Victoria ecosystem, including overfishing, eutrophication and algae levels, pollution, and invasive exotic species like the water hyacinth. Actions include (a) regional cooperation in fisheries research, extension and management; (b) research and monitoring of water quality and pollution, strengthening and harmonization of pollution regulatory, incentive and enforcement systems, and priority investments in waste water management; (c) monitoring and sustainable use of wetlands; (d) control of water hyacinth; and (e) management of land use in the catchment, including soil conservation and afforestation.

    Project concepts in the pipeline

    UNEP/UNDP - GEF - Biodiversity:
    Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in the Gregory Rift Valley Lakes
    The project will provide demarcation of proposed project site and management plans for a possible protected area for demarcation in the gregory Rift Valley Lakes region.


    Other actors, initiatives and resources

    Lake Victoria Conservation Data Page
    Lake descriptions, information on species, protected areas, etc.

    African Water Page
    The main objective of the African Water Page, published by Water Policy International, is "to increase communication on the Continent of Africa between people working in water. However, the level of connectivity to the Internet is very low. With other forms of communication being a difficulty, the Internet adds enormous potential to data accessibility for professionals, particularly those working in Government service. Not only is data more accessible, but with email, News Groups and the WWW communication between sector professionals can also be enhanced. There is a distinct sense of isolation of people working, sometimes against daunting odds, in countries all around Africa. As the African Water Page develops, one of the objectives is to encourage African professionals to become members of a closed forum for the sharing of information and support, and to promote frank discussion about some of the difficulties facing African professionals".


  • Global International Waters Assessment, GIWA
    SE- 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
    Phone: +46- 480 44 60 00. Fax: +46- 480 44 73 55.

    page last modified on 22 August 2006