Regions and network


  
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UNEPGEFUniversity of Kalmar
Subregion 64: Humboldt Current


Headlines:
  • Major intergovernmental agreements and actors
  • Action programmes, strategies, and research
  • State of the regional environment
  • GEF Projects in the region
  • Other actors and initiatives


    Major intergovernmental agreements and actors

    Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and Coastal Area of the South-East Pacific
    The Lima Convention was adopted 1981 and came into in force in 1986. Its objective is to protect the marine environment and coastal zones of the South-East Pacific within the 200-mile area of maritime sovereignty and jurisdiction of the Parties, and beyond that area, the high seas up to a distance within which pollution of the high seas may affect that area. The Contracting Parties agree, inter alia, to take all necessary measures to prevent, reduce and control pollution of the Convention area, particularly pollution from land-based sources, from or through the atmosphere, from vessels and from any other installations and devices operating in the marine environment. The Convention has six protocols:

    Permanent Commission of the South Pacific, CPPS
    The Commission — Comisión Permanente del Pacífico Sur, CPPS — serves as the Secretariat of the Lima Convention and the
    South-East Pacific Action Plan (published here only in Spanish).

    UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, ECLAC
    The site of UN ECLAC comprises News; Publications; Main Studies; ECLAC Series; Research and Studies; Statistics; Projects; Library; Events; Work Programme; as well as ECLAC Headlines and Latest News.

    Organisation of American States, OAS
    OAS Water Resources Programme: In conformity with the mandates of OAS member states, the Unit for Sustainable Development and Environment (USDE) is engaged in several projects on transboundary water resource management in partnership with UNEP, the World Bank, the Global Environment Facility (GEF), and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in major river basin of South and Central America. The Unit is the secretariat for the Inter-American Water Resources Network (IWRN) - see below - and serves on the Board of Governors of the World Water Council. USDE is also collaborating with the Pan American Health Organization to organize inter-American conference on the link between water and health.

    UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, ROLAC
    See for example
    Forum of Environmental Ministers for Latin America and the Caribbean (only in Spanish).

    Financial institutions

    Inter-American Development Bank, IADB
    The Inter-American Development Bank, the oldest and largest regional multilateral development institution, was established in December of 1959 to help accelerate economic and social development in Latin America and the Caribbean.

       

    Action programmes, strategies and research

    UNEP Regional Seas Programme
    The Regional Seas Programme was initiated in 1974 as a global programme implemented through regional components. The Regional Seas Programme is UNEP's main framework in the field of the coastal and marine environment. It includes 14 regions and three partner seas, involves more than 140 coastal states, and focuses on sustainable development of coastal and marine areas. Each regional action plan is formulated according to the needs and priorities of the region as perceived by the Governments concerned. Regional conventions are in place for several areas. See a map of all regional seas, and go to more information on the Black Sea, Wider Caribbean, Mediterranean, East Asian Seas, South Asian Seas, Eastern Africa, Kuwait Region, North West Pacific, Red Sea And Gulf of Aden, South East Pacific, North East Pacific, South Pacific, Upper South West Atlantic, and West and Central Africa. The UNEP Regional Seas web site also contains information on What's at stake, Major threats, and Actions.

       

    State of the regional environment

    GEO 2000 State of the Environment: Latin America and the Caribbean

    Global Enviroment Outlook 2000. GEO is:

    • a global environmental assessment process, the GEO Process, that is cross-sectoral and participatory. It incorporates regional views and perceptions, and builds consensus on priority issues and actions through dialogue among policy-makers and scientists at regional and global levels.
    • GEO outputs, in printed and electronic formats, including the GEO Report series. This series makes periodic reviews of the state of the world's environment, and provides guidance for decision-making processes such as the formulation of environmental policies, action planning and resource allocation. Other outputs include technical reports, a web site and a publication for young people.
       

    GEF Projects in the region

    Projects under implementation

    UNDP - GEF - Biodiversity:
    Conservation of Biodiversity in the Lake Titicaca Basin
    The project adopts an ecosystem approach and places emphasis on working directly with indigenous peoples and local communities and on establishing clear integration of conservation and development efforts. All of these aspects are given priority in the Convention on Biological Diversity.

    Project concepts in the pipeline

    World Bank - GEF - International Waters/Biodiversity:
    Water Resources and Biodiversity Management, Chile
    The project would promote improved water resource management, and protection of biodiversity of global significance through mainstreaming in sectoral program and policies.

       

    Other actors, initiatives and resources

    Humboldt Current - a Large Marine Ecosystem (LME)
    A Large Marine Ecosystem, LME, is a "region of ocean space encompassing coastal areas from river basins and estuaries to the seaward boundary of continental shelves and the seaward margins of coastal current systems. It is a relatively large region characterized by distinct bathymetry, hydrography, productivity, and trophically dependent populations." See also Rhode Island University map of LMEs.

       

  • Global International Waters Assessment, GIWA
    SE- 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
    Phone: +46- 480 44 60 00. Fax: +46- 480 44 73 55.
    E-mail: info@giwa.net

    page last modified on dinsdag 22 augustus 2006