Global International Waters Assessment
Aral Sea, GIWA Regional assessment 24
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations
Severskiy, I., Chervanyov, I., Ponomarenko, Y., Novikova,
N.M., Miagkov, S.V., Rautalahti, E. and D. Daler
Hardcopy (Paperback), Electronically (PDF)
This report presents the results of the GIWA assessment of the Aral Sea, a land-locked sea in Central Asia. Practically all renewable water resources in the region are being used, predominantly for irrigation, and the regional economy is developing under conditions of increasing freshwater shortages. Freshwater shortage, and more specifically the issue of modification of stream flow was assessed to be of the highest priority. The past and present status and future prospects are discussed, and the transboundary issues are traced back to their root causes. The use of outmoded and inefficient irrigation technology, the continued economic difficulties and weak legislation for water use are major root causes in this region. Policy options have been recommended to mitigate environmental and socio-economic impacts and to secure the region’s future prosperity.