UNEPGEFUniversity of Kalmar
Caribbean Sea/Small Islands – GIWA Regional assessment 3a

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Name of Publication:
Global International Waters Assessment
Caribbean Sea/Small Islands, GIWA Regional assessment 3a
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme
Publication date
December, 2004
Bernal, M.C., Londoño, L.M., Troncoso, W., Sierra-Correa, P.C. and F.A. Arias-Isaza
Available formats
Electronically (PDF), Hard copy (paperback)
This report presents the GIWA assessment of the Small Islands sub-system of the Caribbean Sea region – an area particularly vulnerable to human activities owing to the fragility of the island ecosystems and their limited carrying capacities. Habitat and community modification, as a result of anthropogenic pressures, was found to cause the most severe transboundary environmental and socio-economic impacts in the sub-system. The governments regard rapid economic growth as a priority, which they have failed to balance with the conservation and protection of important ecosystems. The Causal chain analysis discusses the root causes of habitat and community modification by investigating the cause-effect pathways of the concern. Policy options are proposed that aim to provide solutions to these fundamental issues, in order to enhance the management of the region’s aquatic environment.

PDF  Download Download the full report. File size: 6 Mb

Download individual chapters: 
Front cover (163 Kb)
Contents (70 Kb)
Executive summary (45 Kb)
Acknowledgements (21 Kb)
Abbreviations and acronyms (36 Kb)
Regional definition (1.5 Mb)
Assessment (1.5 Mb)
Causal chain analysis (167 Kb)
Policy options (157 Kb)
References (67 Kb)
Annexes (184 Kb)
Global International Waters Assessment (1.5 Mb)
GIWA Methodology (195 Kb)
Back cover (796 Kb)

Global International Waters Assessment, GIWA
SE- 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
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page last modified on 22 August 2006