UNEPGEFUniversity of Kalmar
Caribbean Sea/Colombia & Venezuela, Central America & Mexico – GIWA Regional assessment 3b, 3c

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Name of Publication:
Global International Waters Assessment
Caribbean Sea/Colombia & Venezuela, Central America & Mexico, GIWA Regional assessment 3b, 3c
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme
Publication date
June, 2006
Isaza, C.F.A., Sierra-Correa, P.C., Bernal-Velasquez, M., Londoño, L.M. and W. Troncoso
Available formats
Electronically (PDF), Hard copy (paperback)
This report presents the results of the GIWA assessment of the Colombia & Venezuela and Central America & Mexico sub-systems – located in GIWA region 3, the Caribbean Sea. The regional team identified habitat and community modification as the priority concern of both sub-systems. In the Colombia & Venezuela sub-system, coastal habitats are being degraded by a multitude of issues, particularly land-based sources of pollution. The transboundary ecosystems of the Central America & Mexico sub-system have been severely degraded as a consequence of agricultural and urban expansion, increased pollution loads and unsustainable forestry practices. The past and present status and future prospects of these issues are discussed, and they are traced back to their root causes. Feasible policy options are proposed that target key components identified in the Causal chain analysis in order to minimise future impacts on the transboundary aquatic environment.

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Front cover (631 Kb)
Contents (70 Kb)
Executive summary (57 Kb)
Abbreviations and acronyms (35 Kb)
Regional definition (5 465 Kb)
Assessment (1 320 Kb)
Causal chain analysis (88 Kb)
Policy options (108 Kb)
Conclusions (43 Kb)
References (84 Kb)
Annexes (146 Kb)
Global International Waters Assessment (828 Kb)
GIWA Methodology (192 Kb)
Back cover (795 Kb)

Global International Waters Assessment, GIWA
SE- 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
Phone: +46- 480 44 60 00. Fax: +46- 480 44 73 55.

page last modified on 22 August 2006