Global International Waters Assessment
Amazon Basin, GIWA Regional assessment 40b
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations
Barthem, R. B., Charvet-Almeida, P., Montag, L. F. A.
and A. E. Lanna
Electronically (PDF), Hard copy (paperback)
This report presents the assessment of the Amazon Basin
– the largest basin on the planet and also one of the least understood.
Although sparsely inhabited, the Basin is subject to extensive anthropogenic
impacts through deforestation, mining, hydropower generation and agricultural
activities that all have contributed to considerable changes in aquatic
habitats and communities. The root causes of habitat and community modification
are identified in the Madeira Basin, shared by Brazil, Bolivia and Peru,
and potential policy options are presented.