UNEPGEFUniversity of Kalmar
Benguela Current – GIWA Regional assessment 44

Download  File size: 8 Mb
Name of Publication:
Global International Waters Assessment
Benguela Current, GIWA Regional assessment 44
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme
Publication date
June, 2005
Prochazka, K., Davies, B., Griffiths, C., Hara, M., Luyeye, N., O’Toole, M., Bodenstein, J., Probyn, T., Clark, B., Earle, A., Tapscott, C. and R. Hasler
Available formats
Electronically (PDF)
This report presents the GIWA assessment of the Benguela Current region, which includes the entire extent of the Benguela Current system and the freshwaters that drain into it. The environmental and socio-economic problems in the region differ greatly between its freshwater and marine components. A number of anthropogenic activities such as population increase, growth of coastal urban centres, irrigation, agriculture and industry, place increasing demands on the limited freshwater supplies of the region. The potential for conflicts over these resources is also high with large-scale inter-basin transfer schemes and transboundary rivers constituting national boarders. In the marine areas, despite the high primary productivity, overfishing and degradation of important habitats have lead to declines in fish stocks. Freshwater shortage and overfishing were considered priority concerns in the region. The past and present status and future prospects of these concerns are discussed and subsequently traced back to their root causes. Policy options to mitigate these problems are proposed that aims to provide solutions to these fundamental issues in order to enhance the management of the regions aquatic environment.

PDF  Download Download the full report. File size: 8 Mb

Download individual chapters: 
Front cover (182 Kb)
Contents (59 Kb)
Executive summary (31 Kb)
Abbreviations and acronyms (34 Kb)
Regional definition (5 304 Kb)
Assessment (462 Kb)
Causal chain analysis (201 Kb)
Policy options (65 Kb)
Conclusions and recommendations (31 Kb)
References (88 Kb)
Annexes (130 Kb)
Global International Waters Assessment (607 Kb)
GIWA Methodology (191 Kb)
Back cover (795 Kb)

Global International Waters Assessment, GIWA
SE- 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
Phone: +46- 480 44 60 00. Fax: +46- 480 44 73 55.

page last modified on 22 August 2006