UNEPGEFUniversity of Kalmar
South China Sea – GIWA Regional assessment 54

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Name of Publication:
Global International Waters Assessment
South China Sea, GIWA Regional assessment 54
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme
Publication date
June, 2005
Wilkinson, C., DeVantier, L., Talaue-McManus, L., Lawrence, D. and D. Souter
Available formats
Hard copy (Paperback), Electronically (PDF)
This report presents the GIWA assessment of the South China Sea region, which lies in the global centre of tropical marine biodiversity and comprises nine nations: China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei and the Philippines. The region supports a rapidly growing coastal population, and has rapidly deteriorating marine ecosystems with the likely immediate collapse of many of its coral reefs and pelagic fish populations. Habitat modification and overexploitation of living resources were found to cause the most severe transboundary environmental and socio-economic impacts in the region. The past and present status and future prospects of these issues are discussed, and they are traced back to their root causes. Policy options to mitigate these problems are proposed that aim to provide solutions to these fundamental issues, in order to enhance the management of the region’s aquatic environment.

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Front cover (402 Kb)
Contents (89 Kb)
Executive summary (42 Kb)
Abbreviations and acronyms (42 Kb)
Regional definition (6 258 Kb)
Assessment (4 501 Kb)
Causal chain analysis (160 Kb)
Policy options (155 Kb)
References (58 Kb)
Annexes (269 Kb)
Global International Waters Assessment (611 Kb)
GIWA Methodology (196 Kb)
Back cover (796 Kb)

Global International Waters Assessment, GIWA
SE- 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
Phone: +46- 480 44 60 00. Fax: +46- 480 44 73 55.

page last modified on 22 August 2006