UNEPGEFUniversity of Kalmar
Sulu-Celebes (Sulawesi) Sea – GIWA Regional assessment 56

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Name of Publication:
Global International Waters Assessment
Sulu-Celebes (Sulawesi) Sea, GIWA Regional assessment 56
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme
Publication date
June, 2005
De Vantier, L., Wilkinson, C., Souter, D., South, R., Skelton, P. and D. Lawrence
Available formats
Electronically (PDF)
This report present the GIWA assessment of the Sulu-Celebes (Sulawesi) Sea region, which includes some of the land and sea areas of the three nations the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia. The region is situated in the centre of the world’s marine biodiversity with many species of global significance and is surrounded by a rapidly growing population and rapidly deteriorating marine ecosystem. Habitat loss and community modification, having strong linkages with unsustainable exploitation of living resources and suspended solids in the drainage basins, were considered to have the most severe transboundary environmental and socio-economic impacts in the region. The past and present status and future prospects of these issues are discussed, and they are traced back to their root causes. Policy options to mitigate these problems are proposed that aim to provide solutions to these fundamental issues, in order to enhance the management of the region’s aquatic environment.

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Front cover (189 Kb)
Contents (93 Kb)
Executive summary (56 Kb)
Acknowledgements (19 Kb)
Abbreviations and acronyms (46 Kb)
Regional definition (1 777 Kb)
Assessment (2 472 Kb)
Causal chain analysis (212 Kb)
Policy options (119 Kb)
References (73 Kb)
Annexes (359 Kb)
Global International Waters Assessment (611 Kb)
GIWA Methodology (195 Kb)
Back cover (797 Kb)

Global International Waters Assessment, GIWA
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page last modified on 22 August 2006