UNEPGEFUniversity of Kalmar
Indonesian Seas – GIWA Regional assessment 57

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Name of Publication:
Global International Waters Assessment
Indonesian Seas, GIWA Regional assessment 57
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme
Publication date
January, 2005
Abdullah, A., Agustina, H., Astuty, W., Bachtiar, I., Bizot, D, Budimawan, DeVantier, L., Dutton, I., Djohani, R., Erdmann, M., Ernawati, D., Fazi, S., Jompa, J., Kahn, B., Kuijper, M., Kusrini, M., Lawrence, D., Littik, S., Mosse, J., Mous, P., Pet, J., Pet-Soede, L., Purnomohadi, S., Putra, K.S., Putra, S., Satria, F., Schuttenberg, H., Skelton, P., South, R., Sudariyono, Suharsono, Wilkinson, C., Windarti, Wirjoatmodjo, N.S. and B. Zulhasni
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This report presents the GIWA assessment of the Indonesian Seas region, which comprises some 18 000 islands, is geologically and topographically diverse, and lies at the global centre of tropical marine biodiversity. The region supports a rapidly growing coastal population, and has rapidly deteriorating marine ecosystems with the likely imminent collapse of many of its coral reef-associated and pelagic fish populations. Unsustainable exploitation of living resources has caused severe environmental and socio-economic impacts across much of the region, and the major transboundary influence of the live food fish and aquarium trades, particularly poison fishing using cyanide, are further discussed. The causal chain analysis discusses the root causes of destructive fishing practices by investigating the cause-effect pathways of the issue. Policy options are analysed in order to enhance the management and improve the environmental quality of the region’s aquatic environment.

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Front cover (170 Kb)
Contents (69 Kb)
Executive summary (47 Kb)
Abbreviations and acronyms (41 Kb)
Regional definition (2 506 Kb)
Assessment (5 030 Kb)
Causal chain analysis (128 Kb)
Policy options (167 Kb)
Conclusions and recommendations (32 Kb)
References (128 Kb)
Annexes (640 Kb)
Global International Waters Assessment (610 Kb)
GIWA Methodology (195 Kb)
Back cover (796 Kb)

Global International Waters Assessment, GIWA
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page last modified on 22 August 2006