UNEPGEFUniversity of Kalmar
Humboldt Current – GIWA Regional assessment 64

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Name of Publication:
Global International Waters Assessment
Humboldt Current, GIWA Regional assessment 64
University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme
Publication date
May, 2006 (This report has been revised and updated since its first publication 2005)
Permanent Commission for the South Pacific (CPPS)
Available formats
Hard copy (Paperback), Electronically (PDF)
This report presents the GIWA assessment of the Humboldt Current region, located along western South America, stretching from the Ecuadorian-Colombian border to the south of Chile. The world’s largest upwelling area, supporting highly productive fisheries, is located within the boundaries of the region. The economy of the region is primarily based on fisheries, agriculture, oil-related industry, mining and maritime transport. As a result of the activities of these sectors Pollution has come to constitute the major environmental and socio-economic concern in the region, followed by Unsustainable exploitation of fish and other living resources. In the report the past and present status as well as future prospects of these concerns are discussed and subsequently traced back to their root causes. Policy options to mitigate these problems are proposed and aim to provide solutions to these fundamental issues in order to enhance the management of the regions aquatic environment.

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Front cover (162 Kb)
Contents (63 Kb)
Executive summary (37 Kb)
Abbreviations and acronyms (43 Kb)
Regional definition (4 076 Kb)
Assessment (346 Kb)
Causal chain analysis (118 Kb)
Policy options (166 Kb)
Conclusions and recommendations (34 Kb)
References (110 Kb)
Annexes (245 Kb)
Global International Waters Assessment (611 Kb)
GIWA Methodology (201 Kb)
Back cover (797 Kb)

Global International Waters Assessment, GIWA
SE- 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
Phone: +46- 480 44 60 00. Fax: +46- 480 44 73 55.

page last modified on 22 August 2006