As part of influencing long-term change in environmental management, UNEP encourages the integration of environmental issues into the policies of national and state authorities in the Republic of Sudan, including the UN family and civil society. The current programme builds on the recommendations on policy made in the Sudan Post Conflict Environmental Assessment in addition to the technical reports and consultations produced subsequently.
The work on policy is linked with the project themes, in particular, IWRM, pastoralism and climate change. These themes address related areas focussing on how different communities “co-manage” resources and how this process is supported by government. Across Africa the interaction of traditional leadership, government and community based organisations is in transition with respect to governance of the environment – likewise in Sudan, especially in areas emerging from conflict in which control of natural resources has been one of the causes of tension. Therefore the respective mandates and responsibilities of these groups is a key aspect in emerging environmental policy. In order to inform dialogue in the policy formulation process UNEP is preparing three reports relating to environmental governance:
In addition to policy aspects on the main themes of the project UNEP’s current activities include:
- Supporting the National Population Council, the Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources and UNFPA on a new initiative which is examining the complex relationship between population dynamics and environmental change;
- A major Archive Scanning Project which involves locating and scanning a wealth of development studies which have been conducted in Sudan since the 1950’s, many of which are either relatively unknown or not easily accessible